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Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 432839, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/432839
Review Article

Current Proceedings of Childhood Stroke

1Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Neihu, Taipei 114, Taiwan
2Department of Radiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Neihu, Taipei 114, Taiwan

Received 6 October 2010; Accepted 4 December 2010

Academic Editor: Halvor Naess

Copyright © 2011 Hueng-Chuen Fan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Stroke is a sudden onset neurological deficit due to a cerebrovascular event. In children, the recognition of stroke is often delayed due to the low incidence of stroke and the lack of specific assessment measures to this entity. The causes of pediatric stroke are significantly different from that of adult stroke. The lack of safety and efficiency data in the treatment is the challenge while facing children with stroke. Nearly half of survivors of pediatric stroke may have neurologic deficits affecting functional status and quality of life. They may cause a substantial burden on health care resources. Hence, an accurate history, including onset and duration of symptoms, risk factors, and a complete investigation, including hematologic, neuroimaging, and metabolic studies is the key to make a corrective diagnosis. A prompt and optimal treatment without delay may minimize the damage to the brain.