- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 879817, 5 pages
Long-Term Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital “Madrid Montepríncipe”, CEU-San Pablo University School of Medicine and Institute of Applied Molecular Medicine (IMMA), Avenida Montepríncipe 25, Boadilla del Monte, 28660 Madrid, Spain
Received 19 August 2010; Revised 7 October 2010; Accepted 8 November 2010
Academic Editor: Janika Kõrv
Copyright © 2011 Jose F. Varona. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. F. Varona, J. M. Guerra, and F. Bermejo, “Stroke in young adults,” Medicina Clinica, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 70–74, 2004.
- J. Bogousslavsky and P. Pierre, “Ischemic stroke in patients under age 45,” Neurologic Clinics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 113–124, 1992.
- J. F. Varona, J. M. Guerra, F. Bermejo, J. A. Molina, and A. Gomez De La Cámara, “Causes of ischemic stroke in young adults, and evolution of the etiological diagnosis over the long term,” European Neurology, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 212–218, 2007.
- M. E. Shriver and L. D. Prockop, “The economic approach to the stroke work-up,” Current Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 74–77, 1993.
- R. G. Hart and V. T. Miller, “Cerebral infarction in young adults: a practical approach,” Stroke, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 110–114, 1983.
- O. Lidegaard, M. Soe, and M. V. N. Andersen, “Cerebral thromboembolism among young women and men in Denmark 1977–1982,” Stroke, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 670–675, 1986.
- P. Nencini, D. Inzitari, M. C. Baruffi et al., “Incidence of stroke in young adults in Florence, Italy,” Stroke, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 977–981, 1988.
- C. Marini, R. Totaro, F. De Santis, I. Ciancarelli, M. Baldassarre, and A. Carolei, “Stroke in young adults in the community-based L'Aquila registry: incidence and prognosis,” Stroke, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 52–56, 2001.
- L. J. Kappelle, H. P. Adams, M. L. Heffner, J. C. Torner, F. Gomez, and J. Biller, “Prognosis of young adults with ischemic stroke: a long-term follow-up study assessing recurrent vascular events and functional outcome in the Iowa Registry of Stroke in Young Adults,” Stroke, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1360–1365, 1994.
- C. Marini, R. Totaro, and A. Carolei, “Long-term prognosis of cerebral ischemia in young adults,” Stroke, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 2320–2325, 1999.
- D. Leys, L. Bandu, H. Hénon et al., “Clinical outcome in 287 consecutive young adults (15 to 45 years) with ischemic stroke,” Neurology, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 26–33, 2002.
- J. F. Varona, F. Bermejo, J. M. Guerra, and J. A. Molina, “Long-term prognosis of ischemic stroke in young adults: study of 272 cases,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 251, no. 12, pp. 1507–1514, 2004.
- B. Hindfelt and O. Nilsson, “The prognosis of ischemic stroke in young adults,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 123–130, 1977.
- J. M. Ferro and M. Crespo, “Prognosis after transient ischemic attack and ischemic stroke in young adults,” Stroke, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1611–1616, 1994.
- C. Leno, J. Berciano, O. Combarros et al., “A prospective study of stroke in young adults in Cantabria, Spain,” Stroke, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 792–795, 1993.
- N. Rozenthul-Sorokin, R. Ronen, A. Tamir, H. Geva, and R. Eldar, “Stroke in the young in Israel: incidence and outcomes,” Stroke, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 838–841, 1996.
- A. I. Qureshi, K. Safdar, M. Patel, R. S. Janssen, and M. R. Frankel, “Stroke in young black patients: risk factors, subtypes, and prognosis,” Stroke, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 1995–1998, 1995.
- J. Bogousslavsky and F. Regli, “Ischemic stroke in adults younger than 30 years of age. Cause and prognosis,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 479–482, 1987.
- J. Marshall, “The cause and prognosis of strokes in people under 50 years,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 473–488, 1982.
- G. Lanzino, A. Andreoli, G. Di Pasquale et al., “Etiopathogenesis and prognosis of cerebral ischemia in young adults. A survey of 155 treated patients,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 321–325, 1991.
- M. Camerlingo, L. Casto, B. Censori et al., “Recurrence after first cerebral infarction in young adults,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 87–93, 2000.
- J. Matias-Guiu, J. Alvarez-Sabin, R. Falip, et al., “Prognosis of ischaemic stroke in young adults,” in Proceedings of the ECST Collaborators Meeting, Edimburg, Scotland, September 1991.
- J. Abraham, G. Sheety, and C. J. Jose, “Strokes in the young,” Stroke, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 258–267, 1971.
- A. F. Haerer and R. R. Smith, “Cerebrovascular disease of young adults in a Mississippi teaching hospital,” Stroke, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 466–476, 1970.
- C. E. Wells and R. J. Timberger, “Cerebral thrombosis in patients under fifty years of age,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 4, pp. 268–271, 1961.
- A. B. Grindal, R. J. Cohen, R. F. Saul, and J. R. Taylor, “Cerebral infarction in young adults,” Stroke, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 39–42, 1978.
- B. D. Snyder and M. Ramirez Lassepas, “Cerebral infarction in young adults. Long term prognosis,” Stroke, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 149–153, 1980.
- K. Srinivasan, “Ischemic cerebrovascular disease in the young. Two common causes in India,” Stroke, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 733–735, 1984.
- A. M. Chancellor, G. L. Glasgow, P. A. Ockelford, A. Johns, and J. Smith, “Etiology, prognosis, and hemostatic function after cerebral infarction in young adults,” Stroke, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 477–482, 1989.
- R. Musolino, P. La Spina, A. Granata et al., “Ischaemic stroke in young people: a prospective and long-term follow-up study,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 121–128, 2003.
- J. Putaala, S. Curtze, S. Hiltunen, H. Tolppanen, M. Kaste, and T. Tatlisumak, “Causes of death and predictors of 5-year mortality in young adults after first-ever ischemic stroke: the Helsinki young stroke registry,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 2698–2703, 2009.
- K. Nedeltchev, T. A. Der Maur, D. Georgiadis et al., “Ischaemic stroke in young adults: predictors of outcome and recurrence,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 191–195, 2005.
- H. Naess, H. I. Nyland, L. Thomassen, J. Aarseth, and K. M. Myhr, “Long-term outcome of cerebral infarction in young adults,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 107–112, 2004.
- U. Waje-Andreassen, H. Naess, L. Thomassen, G. E. Eide, and C. A. Vedeler, “Long-term mortality among young ischemic stroke patients in western Norway,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 150–156, 2007.
- Instituto de Estadística. Consejería de Economía e Innovación Tecnológica. Comunidad de Madrid, “Estadísticas del movimiento natural de la población de la Comunidad de Madrid 1999. III,” Defunciones. 3, 3105, 178 pages.
- Censo de población. INE [MINECO], “Padrón Municipal de habitantes,” INE [MINECO], May 2003, http://www.copmadrid.es/.
- G. J. Hankey, K. Jamrozik, R. J. Broadhurst et al., “Five-year survival after first-ever stroke and related prognostic factors in the Perth Community Stroke Study,” Stroke, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 2080–2086, 2000.
- A. Carolei, L. Candelise, M. Fiorelli, et al., “Long-term prognosis of transient ischemic attacks and reversible ischemic neurological deficits: a hospital-based study,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 2, pp. 266–272, 1992.
- C. Vauthey, G. R. De Freitas, G. Van Melle, G. Devuyst, and J. Bogousslavsky, “Better outcome after stroke with higher serum cholesterol levels,” Neurology, vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 1944–1948, 2000.
- J. Biller, H. P. Adams, A. Bruno, B. B. Love, and E. E. Marsh, “Mortality in acute cerebral infarction in young adults—a ten-year experience,” Angiology, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 224–230, 1991.
- J. P. Neau, P. Ingrand, C. Mouille-Brachet et al., “Functional recovery and social outcome after cerebral infarction in young adults,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 296–302, 1998.
- H. M. Dewey, J. Sturm, G. A. Donnan, R. A. L. Macdonell, J. J. McNeil, and A. G. Thrift, “Incidence and outcome of subtypes of ischaemic stroke: initial results from the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS),” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 133–139, 2003.
- P. M. W. Bath and K. R. Lees, “Acute stroke,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7239, pp. 920–923, 2000.
- A. Adunsky, M. Hershkowitz, R. Rabbi, L. Asher-Sivron, and A. Ohry, “Functional recovery in young stroke patients,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 859–862, 1992.
- J. Rodríquez García, J. A. Expósito Tirado, J. S. Camacho, P. Ferrand Ferri, J. C. Pérez Herrera, and R. Del Pino Algarrada, “Functional recovery and return to work in the young patient after a stroke,” Neurologia, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 160–167, 2004.
- H. Naess, U. Waje-Andreassen, L. Thomassen, H. Nyland, and K. M. Myhr, “Health-related quality of life among young adults with ischemic stroke on long-term follow-up,” Stroke, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 1232–1236, 2006.
- J. S. Kim, S. Choi-Kwon, S. U. Kwon, et al., “Factors affecting the quality of life after ischemic stroke: young versus old patients,” The Journal of Clinical Neurology, vol. 1, pp. 59–68, 2005.
- J. Burn, M. Dennis, J. Bamford, P. Sandercock, D. Wade, and C. Warlow, “Long-term risk of recurrent stroke after a first-ever stroke: the Oxfordshire community stroke project,” Stroke, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 333–337, 1994.
- T. C. D. Rettig, B. J. Bouma, and R. B. A. Van Den Brink, “Influence of transoesophageal echocardiography on therapy and prognosis in young patients with TIA or ischaemic stroke,” Netherlands Heart Journal, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 373–377, 2009.