- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 523564, 5 pages
Walking Training with Foot Drop Stimulator Controlled by a Tilt Sensor to Improve Walking Outcomes: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study in Patients with Stroke in Subacute Phase
1Clinical Laboratory of Experimental Neurorehabilitation, I.R.C.C.S., Santa Lucia Foundation, Via Ardeatina 306, 00179 Rome, Italy
2Operative Unit F, I.R.C.C.S., Santa Lucia Foundation, Via Ardeatina 306, 00179 Rome, Italy
Received 20 July 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012
Academic Editor: Stefan Hesse
Copyright © 2012 G. Morone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. H. Moe and H. W. Post, “Functional electrical stimulation for ambulation in hemiplegia,” The Lancet, vol. 82, pp. 285–288, 1962.
- R. B. Stein, S. Chong, D. G. Everaert et al., “A multicenter trial of a footdrop stimulator controlled by a tilt sensor,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 371–379, 2006.
- D. G. Everaert, A. K. Thompson, S. L. Chong, and R. B. Stein, “Does functional electrical stimulation for foot drop strengthen corticospinal connections?” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 168–177, 2010.
- J. Chae, L. Sheffler, and J. Knutson, “Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for motor restoration in hemiplegia,” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 412–426, 2008.
- R. G. Lee and P. van Donkelaar, “Mechanisms underlying functional recovery following stroke,” Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 257–263, 1995.
- B. S. Han, S. H. Jang, Y. Chang, W. M. Byun, S. K. Lim, and D. S. Kang, “Functional magnetic resonance image finding of cortical activation by neuromuscular electrical stimulation on wrist extensor muscles,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 17–20, 2003.
- G. V. Smith, G. Alon, S. R. Roys, and R. P. Gullapalli, “Functional MRI determination of a dose-response relationship to lower extremity neuromuscular electrical stimulation in healthy subjects,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 33–39, 2003.
- R. J. Nudo, E. J. Plautz, and S. B. Frost, “Role of adaptive plasticity in recovery of function after damage to motor cortex,” Muscle and Nerve, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1000–1019, 2001.
- S. M. Robbins, P. E. Houghton, M. G. Woodbury, and J. L. Brown, “The therapeutic effect of functional and transcutaneous electric stimulation on improving gait speed in stroke patients: a meta-analysis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 853–859, 2006.
- A. I. R. Kottink, L. J. M. Oostendorp, J. H. Buurke, A. V. Nene, H. J. Hermens, and M. J. IJzerman, “The orthotic effect of functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of walking in stroke patients with a dropped foot: a systematic review,” Artificial Organs, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 577–586, 2004.
- L. R. Sheffler, M. T. Hennessey, G. G. Naples, and J. Chae, “Peroneal nerve stimulation versus an ankle foot orthosis for correction of footdrop in stroke: impact on functional ambulation,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 355–360, 2006.
- M. K. Holden, K. M. Gill, and M. R. Magliozzi, “Gait assessment for neurologically impaired patients. Standards for outcome assessment,” Physical Therapy, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 1530–1539, 1986.
- F. I. Mahoney and D. W. Barthel, “Functional evaluation: the Barthel index,” Maryland State Medical Journal, vol. 14, pp. 61–65, 1965.
- F. M. Collen, D. T. Wade, G. F. Robb, and C. M. Bradshaw, “The Rivermead mobility index: a further development of the Rivermead motor assessment,” International Disability Studies, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 50–54, 1991.
- Medical Research Council, Aids to the Examination of the Peripheral Nervous System, Memorandum no. 45, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, UK, 1981.
- R. Cote, R. N. Battista, C. Wolfson, J. Boucher, J. Adam, and V. Hachinski, “The Canadian neurological scale: validation and reliability assessment,” Neurology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 638–643, 1989.
- R. W. Bohannon and M. B. Smith, “Interrater reliability of a modified Ashworth scale of muscle spasticity,” Physical Therapy, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 206–207, 1987.
- G. Morone, M. Bragoni, M. Iosa et al., “Who may benefit from robotic-assisted gait training? A randomized clinical trial in patients with subacute stroke,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 636–644, 2011.
- R. B. Stein, D. G. Everaert, A. K. Thompson et al., “Long-term therapeutic and orthotic effects of a foot drop stimulator on walking performance in progressive and nonprogressive neurological disorders,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 152–167, 2010.
- T. Yan, C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, and L. S. W. Li, “Functional electrical stimulation improves motor recovery of the lower extremity and walking ability of subjects with first acute stroke: a randomized placebo-controlled trial,” Stroke, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 80–85, 2005.
- U. Bogataj, N. Gros, M. Kljajic, R. Acimovic, and M. Malezic, “The rehabilitation of gait in patients with hemiplegia: a comparison between conventional therapy and multichannel functional electrical stimulation therapy,” Physical Therapy, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 490–502, 1995.
- A. I. Kottink, H. J. Hermens, A. V. Nene et al., “A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Implantable 2-Channel Peroneal Nerve Stimulator on Walking Speed and Activity in Poststroke Hemiplegia,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 971–978, 2007.
- V. Alfieri, “Electrical stimulation for modulation of spasticity in hemiplegic and spinal cord injury subjects,” Neuromodulation, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 85–92, 2001.
- J. Burridge, D. Wood, P. Taylor, I. Swain, and S. Hagan, “The effect of common peroneal nerve stimulation on quadriceps spasticity in hemiplegia,” Physiotherapy, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 82–89, 1997.
- A. Stefanovska, L. Vodovnik, N. Gros, S. Rebersek, and R. Acimovic-Janezic, “FES and spasticity,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 738–745, 1989.
- B. M. Doucet, A. Lam, and L. Griffin, “Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for skeletal muscle function,” The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 201–215, 2012.
- N. Bhadra and P. H. Peckham, “Peripheral nerve stimulation for restoration of motor function,” Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 378–393, 1997.
- G. Morone, M. Iosa, A. Fusco et al., “Footdrop stimulator controlled by a tilt sensor: neuroproshethics vs human-machine interaction,” International Journal of Bioelectromagnetism, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 26–28, 2011.
- A. H. Do, P. T. Wang, C. E. King, A. Abiri, and Z. Nenadic, “Brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation system for ankle movement,” Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, vol. 8, p. 49, 2011.
- R. T. Lauer, P. H. Peckham, and K. L. Kilgore, “EEG-based control of a hand grasp neuroprosthesis,” NeuroReport, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1767–1771, 1999.
- J. S. Knutson, M. Y. Harley, T. Z. Hisel, and J. Chae, “Improving hand function in stroke survivors: a pilot study of contralaterally controlled functional electric stimulation in chronic hemiplegia,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 513–520, 2007.