- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 105937, 6 pages
Circle of Willis Variants: Fetal PCA
1Stroke Program, Department of Neurology, Tulane University Hospital, 1440 Canal Street, TB-52, Suite 1000, New Orleans, LA 70112-2715, USA
2Health Services and Outcomes Research Center for Outcome and Effectiveness Research and Education (COERE), University of Alabama at Birmingham, RWUH M226, 619 19th Street S, Birmingham, AL 35249-3280, USA
3Center of Excellence in Comparative Effectiveness Research for Eliminating Disparities (CERED) Minority Health & Health Disparities Research Center (MHRC), University of Alabama at Birmingham, RWUH M226, 619 19th Street S, Birmingham, AL 35249-3280, USA
4Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
5Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Received 14 November 2012; Revised 16 January 2013; Accepted 16 January 2013
Academic Editor: David S. Liebeskind
Copyright © 2013 Amir Shaban et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- A. F. van Raamt, W. P. Mali, P. J. van Laar, and Y. van der Graaf, “The fetal variant of the circle of Willis and its influence on the cerebral collateral circulation,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 217–224, 2006.
- D. S. Liebeskind, “Collateral circulation,” Stroke, vol. 34, pp. 2279–2284, 2003.
- M. Kameyama and S. H. Okinaka, “Collateral circulation of the brain with special reference to atherosclerosis of the major cervial and cerebral arteries,” Neurology, vol. 13, pp. 279–286, 1963.
- S. K. Battacharji, E. C. Hutchinson, and A. J. Mccall, “The circle of willis—the incidence of developmental abnormalities in normal and infarcted brains,” Brain, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 747–758, 1967.
- C. de Monyé, D. W. J. Dippel, T. A. M. Siepman, M. L. Dijkshoorn, H. L. J. Tanghe, and A. van der Lugt, “Is a fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery a risk factor for TIA or ischemic stroke? A study with 16-multidetector-row CT angiography,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 255, no. 2, pp. 239–245, 2008.
- A. L. Wentland, H. A. Rowley, K. K. Vigen, and A. S. Field, “Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery produces left-right asymmetry on perfusion imaging,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 448–453, 2010.
- J. H. Park, J. K. Roh, and H. M. Kwon, “Ischemic stroke patterns and hemodynamic features in patients with small vertebrobasilar artery,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 287, no. 1-2, pp. 227–235, 2009.
- H. P. Adams, B. H. Bendixen, L. J. Kappelle et al., “Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke: definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial,” Stroke, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 35–41, 1993.
- R. Bender and S. Lange, “Adjusting for multiple testing—when and how?” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 343–349, 2001.
- F. Palm, C. Urbanek, J. Wolf, F. Buggle, T. Kleemann, M. G. Hennerici, et al., “Etiology, risk factors and sex differences in ischemic stroke in the Ludwigshafen Stroke Study, a population-based stroke registry,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 33, pp. 69–75, 2012.
- R. D. Henderson, M. Eliasziw, A. J. Fox, P. M. Rothwell, and H. J. M. Barnett, “Angiographically defined collateral circulation and risk of stroke in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis,” Stroke, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 128–132, 2000.
- F. O. Lima, K. L. Furie, G. S. Silva et al., “The pattern of leptomeningeal collaterals on ct angiography is a strong predictor of long-term functional outcome in stroke patients with large vessel intracranial occlusion,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 2316–2322, 2010.