Table 3: Within and between-group comparisons for measures of motor impairment and capacity at baseline, postintervention, and follow-up evaluations.

TEST  Within group  real-rTMS
   Mean age = 70
 Within  group  sham-rTMS
   Mean age = 60
Between group
Post-FUPost-FUPostinterventionFU
ES (95% CI)ES (95% CI)ES (95% CI)ES (95% CI)ES (95% CI)ES (95% CI)

BBT affected0.49* (−0.08–1.06)0.05 (−0.72–0.8)0.98* (0.28–1.69)0.37* (0.08–0.66)0.00 (−0.51–0.51)0.02 (−0.76–0.81)
Grip strength 0.15 (−0.24–0.53)0.24 (−0.16–0.61)−0.10 (−0.23–0.03)−0.30 (−0.61–0.01)−0.09 (−0.48−0.29)−0.18 (−0.59–0.22)
Pinch strength 0.51* (0.09–0.94)0.66* (0.13–1.19)0.54* (0.12–0.97)0.05 (−0.17–0.27)−0.01 (−0.28–0.26)−0.23 (−0.52–0.07)
SIS0.78* (0.08–1.49)−0.06 (−0.48–0.36)0.93* (0.26–1.60)0.15 (−0.11–0.41)−0.38 (−1.00–0.24)0.08 (−0.40–0.56)
SIS participation0.08 (−0.23–0.38)−0.05 (−1.25–1.15)0.71* (0.07–1.36)0.38* (−0.06–0.82)0.35 (−0.22–0.93)0.22 (−1.03–1.47)
WMFT functional 1.18* (0.23–2.14)0.93* (0.17–1.69)1.63* (0.50–2.76)1.06* (0.30–1.81)0.13 (−0.20–0.47)0.34 (−0.13–0.80)
WMFT time −0.72 (−1.33–0.12)0.41 (0.05–0.77)0.00 (−1.09–1.09)−0.41 (−1.55–0.70)0.24 (−0.88–1.36)−0.82 (−2.01–0.37)
MAL quality −0.30 (−0.96–0.35)0.02 (−0.86–0.91)1.20* (0.30–2.10)1.46* (0.41–2.51)0.67 (−0.11–1.45)0.46 (−0.52–1.45)

FU: followup. ES: effect size. SD: standard deviation. BBT: Box and Blocks Test. SIS: Stroke Impact Scale. WMFT: Wolf Motor Function Test. MAL: Motor Activity Log.
*Indicates statistically significant ES.