- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 612458, 7 pages
Cardiovascular Responses Associated with Daily Walking in Subacute Stroke
1Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Science, University of Toronto, 500 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1V7
2Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, UHN, 550 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2A2
3Heart & Stroke Foundation Centre for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
4Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, 500 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1V7
5Faculty of Health, School of Kinesiology & Health Science, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
6Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
Received 4 December 2012; Accepted 11 January 2013
Academic Editor: Stefan Schwab
Copyright © 2013 Sanjay K. Prajapati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- P. Pound, P. Gompertz, and S. Ebrahim, “A patient-centred study of the consequences of stroke,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 338–347, 1998.
- S. E. Lord, K. McPherson, H. K. McNaughton, L. Rochester, and M. Weatherall, “Community ambulation after stroke: how important and obtainable is it and what measures appear predictive?” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 234–239, 2004.
- R. W. Bohannon, A. W. Andrews, and M. B. Smith, “Rehabilitation goals of patients with hemiplegia,” International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 181–183, 1988.
- S. Hesse, “Recovery of gait and other motor functions after stroke: novel physical and pharmacological treatment strategies,” Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, vol. 22, no. 3-4, pp. 359–369, 2004.
- S. K. Prajapati, W. H. Gage, D. Brooks, S. E. Black, and W. E. McIlroy, “A novel approach to ambulatory monitoring: investigation into the quantity and control of everyday walking in patients with subacute stroke,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 6–14, 2011.
- P. J. Manns and E. Baldwin, “Ambulatory activity of stroke survivors measurement options for dose, intensity, and variability of activity,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 864–867, 2009.
- K. Michael and R. F. Macko, “Ambulatory activity intensity profiles, fitness, and fatigue in chronic stroke,” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 5–12, 2007.
- N. B. Lincoln, D. Willis, S. A. Philips, L. C. Juby, and P. Berman, “Comparison of rehabilitation practice on hospital wards for stroke patients,” Stroke, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 18–23, 1996.
- M. Shaughnessy, K. M. Michael, J. D. Sorkin, and R. F. Macko, “Steps after stroke: capturing ambulatory recovery,” Stroke, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1305–1307, 2005.
- E. Haeuber, M. Shaughnessy, L. W. Forrester, K. L. Coleman, and R. F. Macko, “Accelerometer monitoring of home- and community-based ambulatory activity after stroke,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 85, no. 12, pp. 1997–2001, 2004.
- P. W. Duncan, S. Studenski, L. Richards et al., “Randomized clinical trial of therapeutic exercise in subacute stroke,” Stroke, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 2173–2180, 2003.
- J. O. Kelly, S. L. Kilbreath, G. M. Davis, B. Zeman, and J. Raymond, “Cardiorespiratory fitness and walking ability in subacute stroke patients,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 84, no. 12, pp. 1780–1785, 2003.
- M. J. MacKay-Lyons and L. Makrides, “Exercise capacity early after stroke,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 83, no. 12, pp. 1697–1702, 2002.
- P. Zamparo, M. P. Francescato, G. De Luca, L. Lovati, and P. E. di Prampero, “The energy cost of level walking in patients with hemiplegia,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 348–352, 1995.
- M. Whaley, P. H. Brubaker, and R. M. Otto, ACSM'S Guidelines For Exercise Testing and Prescription, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 7th edition, 2006.
- F. M. Ivey, R. F. Macko, A. S. Ryan, and C. E. Hafer-Macko, “Cardiovascular health and fitness after stroke,” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2005.
- A. Tang, K. M. Sibley, D. Brooks, S. Thomas, and W. E. McIlroy, “Early exercise intervention after stroke: influence on aerobic and functional capacity: a pilot study,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 12, pp. 318–319, 2004.
- G. Kwakkel, R. C. Wagenaar, J. W. R. Twisk, G. J. Lankhorst, and J. C. Koetsier, “Intensity of leg and arm training after primary middle-cerebral-artery stroke: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 354, no. 9174, pp. 191–196, 1999.
- G. Kwakkel, R. C. Wagenaar, T. W. Koelman, G. J. Lankhorst, and J. C. Koetsier, “Effects of intensity of rehabilitation after stroke: a research synthesis,” Stroke, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 1550–1556, 1997.
- M. Karvonen, K. Kentala, and O. Mustala, “The effects of training on heart rate: a longitudinal study,” Annales Medicinae Experimentalis et Biologiae Fenniae, vol. 35, pp. 307–315, 1957.
- K. K. Patterson, I. Parafianowicz, C. J. Danells et al., “Gait asymmetry in community-ambulating stroke survivors,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 304–310, 2008.
- C. Gowland, P. Stratford, M. Ward et al., “Measuring physical impairment and disability with the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment,” Stroke, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 58–63, 1993.
- K. Berg, S. Wood-Dauphinee, J. I. Williams, and D. Gayton, “Measuring balance in the elderly: preliminary development of an instrument,” Physiotherapy Canada, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 304–311, 1989.
- K. M. Michael, J. K. Allen, and R. F. MacKo, “Reduced ambulatory activity after stroke: the role of balance, gait, and cardiovascular fitness,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 1552–1556, 2005.
- C. Tudor-Locke, C. L. Craig, Y. Aoyagi et al., “How many steps/day are enough? For older adults and special populations,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 8, article 80, 2011.
- S. Kuys, S. Brauer, and L. Ada, “Routine physiotherapy does not induce a cardiorespiratory training effect post-stroke, regardless of walking ability,” Physiotherapy Research International, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 219–227, 2006.
- W. H. Gage, K. F. Zabjek, K. M. Sibley, A. Tang, D. Brooks, and W. E. McIlroy, “Ambulatory monitoring of activity levels of individuals in the sub-acute stage following stroke: a case series,” Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, vol. 4, article 41, 2007.
- M. Bernardi, A. Macaluso, E. Sproviero et al., “Cost of walking and locomotor impairment,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 149–157, 1999.
- S. F. H. Mackintosh, K. Hill, K. J. Dodd, P. Goldie, and E. Culham, “Falls and injury prevention should be part of every stroke rehabilitation plan,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 441–451, 2005.
- L. Yardley and H. Smith, “A prospective study of the relationship between feared consequences of falling and avoidance of activity in community-living older people,” Gerontologist, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 17–23, 2002.
- J. Bernhardt, H. Dewey, A. Thrift, and G. Donnan, “Inactive and alone: physical activity within the first 14 days of acute stroke unit care,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 1005–1009, 2004.
- C. Tudor-Locke, J. E. Williams, J. P. Reis, and D. Pluto, “Utility of pedometers for assessing physical activity: convergent validity,” Sports Medicine, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 795–808, 2002.