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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 6 (2006), Pages 967-983
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2006.191
Review Article

ER-Associated Degradation of Membrane Proteins in Yeast

Unité Biochimie Physiologique Institut des Sciences de la Vie Université Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Received 14 June 2006; Revised 9 August 2006; Accepted 9 August 2006

Academic Editor: Andre Goffeau

Copyright © 2006 Cédric Pety de Thozée and Michel Ghislain.

Abstract

Proteins destined for the secretory pathway are translocated into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where they are subjected to a variety of post-translational modifications before they reach their final destination. Newly synthesized proteins that have defect in polypeptide folding or subunit assembly are recognized by quality control systems and eliminated by the 26S proteasome, a cytosolic ATP-dependent proteolytic machinery. Delivery of non-native ER proteins to the proteasome requires retrograde transport across the ER membrane and depends on a protein-unfolding machine consisting of Cdc48p, Ufd1p, and Npl4p. Recent studies in yeast have highlighted the possible function of the Sar1p/COPII machinery in ER-associated degradation of some lumenal and membrane proteins.