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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 6 (2006), Pages 2323-2326
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2006.362
Case Study

E. coli Multiresistant Meningitis after Transrectal Prostate Biopsy

1Department of Clinical Immunology, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
2Department of Microbiology, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
3Department of Internal Medicine III, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
4Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Received 21 November 2005; Revised 12 January 2006; Accepted 13 January 2006

Academic Editor: Ziya Kirkali

Copyright © 2006 Diana Alecsandru et al.

Abstract

Escherichia coli meningitis is a frequent pathology in children younger than 3 years old, but is an uncommon disease in adults. E. coli infection is the main cause of intrahospital bacteremia as a consequence of the employment of different medical procedures. Our patient, male, 69 years old, presented with fever, progressive difficulty in breathing, and shivers 24 h after transrectal prostate biopsy, with an absence of any other symptoms. He received prophylactic treatment with ciprofloxacin and later empirical treatment with ampicillin and tobramicin. After that, the patient presented with fever, headache, behavioral changes, somnolence, disorientation, a fluctuating level of conscience, cutaneous widespread pallor, and acute urinary retention. On physical exploration, we observed generalized hypoventilation, Glasgow 10, stiffness of the neck, inconclusive Kernig; the remaining neurological exploration was normal. Systematic of blood: leukocytes = 8,510/mm3 (94.5% polymorphonuclear), platelet = 87,000/mm3, pH = 7.51, pCO2 = 28.8 mmHg, pO2 = 61 mmHg, O2 saturation = 93.8%, and remaining values were normal. Chest X- ray, cranial CT scan, urine cultures were normal. Blood culture: E. coli. CSF: glucose <0.4 g/l, total proteins = 3.05 g/l, PMN = 7 cells. Microscopic examination of the CSF: Gram-negative bacilli; CSF's culture: abundant E. coli. The case of acute meningitis by multiresistant E. coli after transrectal prostate biopsy presented demonstrates that antibiotic prevention with ciprofloxacin is not absolutely risk free. Besides the use of antibiotic prevention for multiresistant microorganisms, the urologist and other physicians involved in the procedure must not forget that the rate of major complications of transrectal prostate biopsy is 1%, especially when it is performed in patients who will not benefit from that biopsy.