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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 7 (2007), Pages 119-127
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2007.27
Short Communication

Parameterization of the Stomatal Component of the DO3SE Model for Mediterranean Evergreen Broadleaf Species

1Ecotoxicology of Air Pollution, CIEMAT, Avda. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Fundación CEAM, Charles Darwin 14, 46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain
3Environment Department, University of York, YO 10 5DD York, UK

Received 13 October 2006; Revised 20 December 2006; Accepted 21 December 2006

Academic Editor: Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Copyright © 2007 Roccio Alonso et al.

Abstract

An ozone (O3) deposition model (DO3SE) is currently used in Europe to define the areas where O3 concentrations lead to absorbed O3 doses that exceed the flux-based critical levels above which phytotoxic effects would be likely recorded. This mapping exercise relies mostly on the accurate estimation of O3 flux through plant stomata. However, the present parameterization of the modulation of stomatal conductance (gs) behavior by different environmental variables needs further adjustment if O3 phytotoxicity is to be assessed accurately at regional or continental scales. A new parameterization of the model is proposed for Holm oak (Quercus ilex), a tree species that has been selected as a surrogate for all Mediterranean evergreen broadleaf species. This parameterization was based on a literature review, and was calibrated and validated using experimentally measured data of gs and several atmospheric and soil parameters recorded at three sites of the Iberian Peninsula experiencing long summer drought, and very cold and dry winter air (El Pardo and Miraflores) or milder conditions (Tietar). A fairly good agreement was found between modeled and measured data (R2 = 0.64) at Tietar. However, a reasonable performance (R2 = 0.47–0.62) of the model was only achieved at the most continental sites when gs and soil moisture deficit relationships were considered. The influence of root depth on gs estimation is discussed and recommendations are made to build up separate parameterizations for continental and marine-influenced Holm oak sites in the future.