Table 3: ANOVA showing source of variation, degrees of freedom, means square, and error mean square.

Source of variationdfMSEMS

Blocks (r) 𝑟 1 MSB 𝜎 2 𝑒 + 𝑔 𝜎 2 𝑟
Accessions (g) 𝑔 1 MSG 𝜎 2 𝑒 + 𝑟 𝜎 2 𝑔
Groups (t) [ 𝑡 1 ] MST 𝜎 2 𝑒 + 𝑟 𝜎 2 𝑔 / 𝑡 + 𝑟 𝑔 𝜎 2 𝑡
Accessions/groups [ 𝑡 ( 𝑔 1 ) ] MSG/T 𝜎 2 𝑒 + 𝑟 𝜎 2 𝑔 / 𝑡
Error ( 𝑟 1 ) ( 𝑔 1 ) MSE 𝜎 2 𝑒

r: blocks, g: accessions, t: groups, e: error, df: degree of freedom, MS: mean squares, EMS: expected mean squares.