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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 817315, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/817315
Research Article

Correlates of HIV Risk Reduction Self-Efficacy among Youth in South Africa

1HIV/STI and TB (HAST) Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
2Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa

Received 24 April 2012; Accepted 20 May 2012

Academic Editors: K. Ikuta and J. Rappaport

Copyright © 2012 Julia Louw et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Even though a decline in HIV prevalence has been reported among South African youth 15–24 from 10.3% in 2005 to 8.6% in 2008, the prevalence remains disproportionately high for females overall in comparison to males. This study examines factors associated by HIV risk reduction self-efficacy of South African youth as part of an evaluation of the impact of loveLife, a youth focused HIV prevention programme. A cross-sectional population-based household survey was conducted with persons of ages 18 to 24 years in four selected provinces in South Africa. Among female respondents ( ), factors associated with high self-efficacy in the adjusted model were having a low HIV risk perception, HIV/AIDS stigma, ever using drugs, and having life goals. Male respondents ( ) with high self-efficacy were more likely to have been tested for HIV, have concurrent sexual partners, have had a transactional sex partner in lifetime, a low HIV risk perception, difficulty in having condoms, agreed with coercive sex, high relationship control, and had loveLife face-to-face programme participation. The factors identified with high self-efficacy and HIV-sexual risk behaviour may be considered to strengthen youth HIV prevention programmes in South Africa.