Table 1: Individual, social, structural, contraception, and prevention programme exposure of study sample by gender.

Male ( )Female ( )

Sociodemographics (%) or (SD) (%) or (SD)
 Poverty index (range 6–24)8.3 (3.0)7.9 (2.6)
 ≤Grade 10218 (14.7)171 (18.0)
 Grade 11233 (17.3)201 (18.5)
 Grade 12 or more670 (68.0)632 (63.5)
 Student459 (42.3)361 (44.0)
 Employed217 (23.0)114 (11.1)
 Unemployed370 (34.8)440 (45.0)
Knowledge
 Contraceptive knowledge (range 0–7)4.7 (1.6)5.1 (1.5)
 Knows person living with HIV and/or died from AIDS
  0393 (40.0)272 (36.3)
  1 knows PLHIV or died from AIDS252 (23.5)215 (18.2)
  2 knows PLHIV and died from AIDS475 (36.6)514 (45.5)
 Ever HIV test556 (48.9)779 (80.4)

Prior sexual experiences
 Early sex (<15)145 (17.8)65 (6.9)
 Ever forced sex14 (1.1)58 (7.3)
 Sex with much older partner70 (4.3)232 (19.3)
 Concurrent sexual partners126 (6.8)53 (3.1)
 Transactional sex partner in lifetime103 (7.8)50 (5.0)
Outcome expectancies
 Low HIV risk perception294 (23.6)354 (30.2)
 Believes that condom use is a sign of not trusting the partner259 (15.9)229 (17.5)

Sociostructural factors
 Peer pressure
  Low350 (41.0)465 (54.6)
  Medium447 (42.3)398 (37.5)
  High206 (16.6)121 (7.9)
 Talked with partner about condoms in past 12 months820 (94.1)769 (90.7)
 HIV communication (range 0–10)5.6 (2.5)5.6 (2.2)
 HIV/AIDS stigma118 (5.5)75 (3.8)
 Difficulty of getting condoms (range 1–4)1.22 (0.6)1.13 (0.5)
 Lack of relationship control (range 4–16)8.5 (2.3)8.3 (2.5)
 Agreed with statement “It is acceptable to have sex with my sex partner even though my partner does not want to.”60 (4.0)43 (2.9)
 Hazardous or harmful alcohol use430 (34.0)160 (16.4)
 Ever drug use162 (25.4)32 (2.6)
 Current tobacco use363 (25.4)69 (5.6)
Has goals in life728 (72.4)628 (63.6)

HIV status
  Diagnosed HIV positive
  Diagnosed HIV negative
35 (6.7)
493 (93.3)
64 (9.5)
654 (90.5)
HIV risk reduction self-efficacy462 (52.7)488 (56.6)

Programme exposure
 One year or more loveLife participation315 (22.4)250 (21.5)
 loveLife face-to-face participation
  0700 (70.4)639 (62.6)
  2–4219 (12.2)193 (22.1)
  5–9 100 (8.0)71 (4.3)
  5 or more 98 (9.3)101 (11.0)
 loveLife multimedia programme exposure
  0-1174 (18.1)180 (20.7)
  2–4577 (50.8)458 (48.2)
  5–9340 (31.1)331 (31.0)