Table 3: Association between individual, social and structural variables, loveLife exposure, and high self-efficacy.

MenWomen
UOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)UOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)

Sociodemographics
 Education1.02 (0.84–1.24)1.07 (0.78–1.46)1.27 (0.99–1.62)1.16 (0.82–1.64)
 Student1.001.001.001.00
 Employed2.35 (0.79–6.96)2.03 (0.62–6.01)0.75 (0.35–1.58)0.66 (0.22–1.95)
 Unemployed0.72 (0.49–1.07)0.67 (0.33–1.37)1.13 (0.59–2.18)1.33 (0.60–2.94)
 Poverty index1.04 (0.95–1.13)1.11 (0.99–1.25)1.06 (0.86–1.31)1.15 (0.91–1.45)
Knowledge
 Knows person living with
 HIV and/or died from AIDS
  01.001.00
  1 knows PLHIV or died from AIDS0.41 (0.12–1.40)0.97 (0.54–1.77)
  2 knows PLHIV and died from AIDS0.72 (0.45–1.15)0.72 (0.37–1.39)
 Have been tested for HIV ever?2.38 (1.41–4.02)***2.54 (1.38–4.67)**0.88 (0.55–1.40)
 Contraceptive knowledge1.11 (0.75–1.65)1.01 (0.90–1.13)

Prior sexual experiences
 Early sex (<15)2.72 (0.72–10.2)0.94 (0.36–2.44)
 Ever forced sex0.62 (0.10–3.91)0.31 (0.11–0.86)*0.27 (0.03–2.03)
 Concurrent sexual partners0.23 (0.12–0.47)***0.28 (0.12–0.65)**0.30 (0.11–0.84)*0.49 (0.16–1.51)
 Sex with much older partner0.34 (0.11–1.12)0.72 (0.45–1.17)
 Transactional sex partner in lifetime0.10 (0.05–0.20)***0.10 (0.03–0.29)***0.09 (0.03–0.27)***0.70 (0.17–2.83)
Outcome expectancies
 Low HIV risk perception1.41 (1.13–1.76)**1.45 (1.04–2.02)*1.85 (1.47–2.34)***2.26 (1.25–4.09)**
 Beliefs condom use is a sign of not trusting
 the partner
0.79 (0.42–1.46)0.66 (0.36–1.20)

Sociostructural factors
 Talked to partner about condom use in the past 12 months2.50 (1.25–5.00)**1.21 (0.46–2.75)2.93 (1.55–5.53)***
 HIV communication1.07 (0.89–1.30)0.97 (0.83–1.14)
 Peer pressure
  Low1.001.001.00
  Medium0.35 (0.14–0.87)0.68 (0.40–1.15)0.93 (0.51–1.67)
  High0.23 (0.05–1.13)0.28 (0.14–0.55)***0.89 (0.33–2.30)
 Difficulty of getting condoms0.60 (0.37–0.97)*0.60 (0.38–0.98)*0.81 (0.63–1.03)
 Agreed with statement “It is acceptable to have sex with my sex partner even though my partner does not want to.”
  (Acceptable to have coerced sex)
0.23 (0.08–0.67)**0.26 (0.07–0.98)*0.76 (0.23–2.49)
 HIV/AIDS stigma0.68 (0.25–1.82)0.24 (0.11–0.50)***0.20 (0.06–0.64)**
 High relationship control0.46 (0.27–0.79)**0.24 (0.10–0.58)**1.10 (0.72–1.69)
 Hazardous or harmful drinking (AUDIT > 4)0.70 (0.44–1.14)0.70 (0.21–2.33)
 Current tobacco use0.48 (0.27–0.87)*0.58 (0.26–1.28)0.60 (0.13–2.64)
 Ever drugs0.35 (0.18–0.66)***0.45 (0.17–1.31)0.10 (0.03–0.39)***0.12 (0.02–0.74)*

Goals
 Has life goals2.78 (0.98–7.86)1.85 (1.16–2.96)*2.98 (1.16–7.63)*

Programme exposure
 One year or more loveLife participation0.85 (0.43–1.71)1.15 (0.63–2.08)
 loveLife face-to-face participation
  01.001.001.00
  1-20.42 (0.22–0.81)**0.38 (0.16–0.89)*0.48 (0.14–1.72)
  3-40.87 (0.30–2.47)0.50 (0.22–1.13)0.62 (0.22–1.74)
  5 or more1.70 (0.47–6.20)2.11 (0.46–9.59)0.81 (0.28–2.33)
 loveLife multimedia programme exposure
  0-11.001.00
  2–40.88 (0.40–1.90)0.63 (0.34–1.17)
  5–90.70 (0.37–1.34)1.33 (0.54–3.25)

*** ; ** ; * .