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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 978327, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/978327
Research Article

Cyclin D1 Expression and Its Correlation with Histopathological Differentiation in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

1Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Peoples Dental Academy, Bhanpur, Bhopal 462037, MP, India
2Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Pacific Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur 313024, India
3Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Peoples College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal 462037, India
4Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur 313011, India
5Deprtment of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Jodhpur Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur 342001, India

Received 15 October 2011; Accepted 23 November 2011

Academic Editors: S. Staibano and S. Strano

Copyright © 2012 Swati Saawarn et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Cyclin D1 regulates the G1 to S transition of cell cycle. Its deregulation or overexpression may lead to disturbance in the normal cell cycle control and tumour formation. Overexpression of cyclin D1 has been reported in various tumors of diverse histogenesis. This case control retrospective study was carried out to study the immunohistochemical reactivity and expression of cyclin D1 and its association with site, clinical staging, and histopathological differentiation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods. Forty formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of biopsy specimens of oral squamous cell carcinoma were immunohistochemically evaluated for expression of cyclin D1. Results. Cyclin D1 expression was seen in 45% cases of OSCC. It did not correlate with site and clinical staging. Highest expression was seen in well-differentiated, followed by moderately differentiated, and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, with a statistically significant correlation. Conclusion. Cyclin D1 expression significantly increases with increase in differentiation.