- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

The Scientific World Journal

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 171039, 6 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/171039

## Coefficient Estimates for Initial Taylor-Maclaurin Coefficients for a Subclass of Analytic and Bi-Univalent Functions Defined by Al-Oboudi Differential Operator

Civil Aviation College, Kocaeli University, Arslanbey Campus, 41285 İzmit-Kocaeli, Turkey

Received 5 August 2013; Accepted 7 October 2013

Academic Editors: H. Bulut and J. Park

Copyright © 2013 Serap Bulut. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

We introduce and investigate an interesting subclass of analytic and bi-univalent functions in the open unit disk . For functions belonging to the class , we obtain estimates on the first two Taylor-Maclaurin coefficients and .

#### 1. Introduction

Let be the set of real numbers, the set of complex numbers, and the set of positive integers.

Let denote the class of all functions of the form which are analytic in the open unit disk We also denote by the class of all functions in the normalized analytic function class which are univalent in .

For two functions and , analytic in , we say that the function is subordinate to in and write if there exists a Schwarz function , which is analytic in with such that Indeed, it is known that Furthermore, if the function is univalent in , then we have the following equivalence:

For , Al-Oboudi [1] introduced the following operator: If is given by (2), then from (10) and (11) we see that with . When , we get Sǎlǎgean’s differential operator , [2].

Since univalent functions are one-to-one, they are invertible and the inverse functions need not be defined on the entire unit disk . In fact, the Koebe one-quarter theorem [3] ensures that the image of under every univalent function contains a disk of radius . Thus every function has an inverse , which is defined by In fact, the inverse function is given by

A function is said to be bi-univalent in if both and are univalent in . Let denote the class of bi-univalent functions in given by (2). For a brief history and interesting examples of functions in the class , see [4] (see also [5, 6]). In fact, the aforecited work of Srivastava et al. [4] essentially revived the investigation of various subclasses of the bi-univalent function class in recent years; it was followed by such works as those by Frasin and Aouf [7], Porwal and Darus [8], and others (see, e.g., [9–17]).

Motivated by the abovementioned works, we define the following subclass of function class .

*Definition 1. *Let be a convex univalent function such that
A function , defined by (2), is said to be in the class if the following conditions are satisfied:
where , the function is given by
and is the Al-Oboudi differential operator.

*Remark 2. *If we set
in Definition 1, then the class reduces to the class denoted by which is the subclass of the functions satisfying
where , the function is defined by (17), and is the Al-Oboudi differential operator.

*Remark 3. *If we set
in Definition 1, then the class reduces to the class denoted by which is the subclass of the functions satisfying
where , the function is defined by (17), and is the Al-Oboudi differential operator.

*Remark 4. *If we set
in Definition 1, then the class reduces to the class denoted by which is the subclass of the functions satisfying
where , the function is defined by (17), and is the Sǎlǎgean differential operator.

*Remark 5. *If we set
in Definition 1, then the class reduces to the class denoted by which is the subclass of the functions satisfying
where , and the function is defined by (17).

*Remark 6. *If we set
in Definition 1, then the class reduces to the class denoted by which is the subclass of the functions satisfying
where and the function is defined by (17).

We note that

Firstly, in order to derive our main results, we need the following lemma.

Lemma 7 (see [18]). *Let the function given by
**
be convex in . Suppose also that the function given by
**
is holomorphic in . If , then
*

The object of the present paper is to find estimates on the Taylor-Maclaurin coefficients and for functions in this new subclass of the function class .

#### 2. A Set of General Coefficient Estimates

In this section, we state and prove our general results involving the bi-univalent function class given by Definition 1.

Theorem 8. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
with
**
Then
*

*Proof. *It follows from (16) that
where and have the following Taylor-Maclaurin series expansions:
respectively. Now, upon equating the coefficients in (36) and (37), we get

From (40) and (42), we obtain
Also, from (41) and (43), we find that
Since , according to Lemma 7, we immediately have
Applying (47) and Lemma 7 for the coefficients , , , and , from the equalities (45) and (46), we obtain
respectively. So we get the desired estimate on the coefficient as asserted in (34).

Next, in order to find the bound on the coefficient , we subtract (43) from (41). We thus get
Upon substituting the value of from (45) into (50), it follows that
So we get
On the other hand, upon substituting the value of from (46) into (50), it follows that
And we get
Comparing the inequalities in (52) and (54) completes the proof of Theorem 8.

#### 3. Corollaries and Consequences

By setting in Theorem 8, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 9. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

By setting in Theorem 8, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 10. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

By setting in Theorem 8, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 11. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

*Remark 12. *When , Corollary 11 is an improvement of the following estimates obtained by Porwal and Darus [8].

Corollary 13 (see [8]). *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

By setting in Theorem 8, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 14. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

*Remark 15. *When , Corollary 14 is an improvement of the following estimates obtained by Frasin and Aouf [7].

Corollary 16 (see [7]). *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

By setting in Theorem 8, we have the following corollary.

Corollary 17. *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

*Remark 18. *When , Corollary 17 is an improvement of the following estimates obtained by Srivastava et al. [4].

Corollary 19 (see [4]). *Let the function given by the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansion (2) be in the function class
**
Then
*

#### References

- F. M. Al-Oboudi, “On univalent functions defined by a generalized Sălăgean operator,”
*International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences*, vol. 2004, no. 27, pp. 1429–1436, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - G. S. Sǎlǎgean, “Subclasses of univalent functions,” in
*Complex Analysis-Fifth Romanian-Finnish Seminar, Part 1 (Bucharest, 1981)*, vol. 1013 of*Lecture Notes in Mathematics*, pp. 362–372, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1983. View at Google Scholar - P. L. Duren,
*Univalent Functions*, vol. 259 of*Grundlehren der Mathematischen Wissenschaften*, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1983. - H. M. Srivastava, A. K. Mishra, and P. Gochhayat, “Certain subclasses of analytic and bi-univalent functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1188–1192, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - D. A. Brannan and T. S. Taha, “On some classes of bi-univalent functions,” in
*Mathematical Analysis and Its Applications*, S. M. Mazhar, A. Hamoui, and N. S. Faour, Eds., vol. 3 of*KFAS Proceedings Series*, pp. 53–60, Pergamon Press, Elsevier Science, Oxford, UK, 1988. View at Google Scholar - D. A. Brannan and T. S. Taha, “On some classes of bi-univalent functions,”
*Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai Mathematica*, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 70–77, 1986. View at Google Scholar - B. A. Frasin and M. K. Aouf, “New subclasses of bi-univalent functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1569–1573, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - S. Porwal and M. Darus, “On a new subclass of bi-univalent functions,”
*Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society*, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 190–193, 2013. View at Google Scholar - S. Bulut, “Coefficient estimates for a class of analytic and bi-univalent functions,”
*Novi Sad Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 59–65, 2013. View at Google Scholar - S. Bulut, “Coefficient estimates for new subclasses of analytic and bi-univalent functions defined by Al-Oboudi differential operator,”
*Journal of Function Spaces and Applications*, vol. 2013, Article ID 181932, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - M. Çağlar, H. Orhan, and N. Yağmur, “Coefficient bounds for new subclasses of bi-univalent functions,”
*Filomat*, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1165–1171, 2013. View at Google Scholar - S. P. Goyal and P. Goswami, “Estimate for initial Maclaurin coefficients of bi-univalent functions for a class defined by fractional derivatives,”
*Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society*, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 179–182, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - T. Hayami and S. Owa, “Coefficient bounds for bi-univalent functions,”
*Pan-American Mathematical Journal*, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 15–26, 2012. View at Google Scholar - H. Orhan, N. Magesh, and V. K. Balaji, “Initial coefficient bounds for a general class of bi-univalent functions,” Preprint.
- H. M. Srivastava, S. Bulut, M. Çağlar, and N. Yağmur, “Coefficient estimates for a general subclass of analytic and bi-univalent functions,”
*Filomat*, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 831–842, 2013. View at Google Scholar - Q. H. Xu, Y. C. Gui, and H. M. Srivastava, “Coefficient estimates for a certain subclass of analytic and bi-univalent functions,”
*Applied Mathematics Letters*, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 990–994, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - Q. H. Xu, H. G. Xiao, and H. M. Srivastava, “A certain general subclass of analytic and bi-univalent functions and associated coefficient estimate problems,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 218, no. 23, pp. 11461–11465, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - W. Rogosinski, “On the coefficients of subordinate functions,”
*Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society*, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 48–82, 1943. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar