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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 346047, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/346047
Research Article

Muscle Sensor Model Using Small Scale Optical Device for Pattern Recognitions

1Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
2Advanced Studies Center, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
3South East Asian Theoretical Physics Association (SEATPA), 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

Received 6 August 2013; Accepted 18 September 2013

Academic Editors: C. He and F. Song

Copyright © 2013 Kreangsak Tamee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new sensor system for measuring contraction and relaxation of muscles by using a PANDA ring resonator is proposed. The small scale optical device is designed and configured to perform the coupling effects between the changes in optical device phase shift and human facial muscle movement, which can be used to form the relationship between optical phase shift and muscle movement. By using the Optiwave and MATLAB programs, the results obtained have shown that the measurement of the contraction and relaxation of muscles can be obtained after the muscle movements, in which the unique pattern of individual muscle movement from facial expression can be established. The obtained simulation results, that is, interference signal patterns, can be used to form the various pattern recognitions, which are useful for the human machine interface and the human computer interface application and discussed in detail.