Table 1: Materials used in the study.

MaterialCompositionSteps of application

Biodentine (Septodont, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés Cedex, France)Powder
Tricalcium silicate, dicalcium silicate, calcium carbonate and oxide, iron oxide, and zirconium oxide
Liquid
Calcium chloride and hydrosoluble polymer
Five doses liquid and powder supplied for 30 s with a mixed amalgamator

Composite (Clearfil Majesty, Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc., Okayama, Japan)Silaned barium glass filler, prepolymerized organic filler, bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (bis-GMA), hydrophobic aromatic dimethacrylate, and dicamphorquinoneLight-cure for 20 s

Prime & Bond NT
(Caulk/Dentsply
International Inc.,
Milford, DE, USA)
Di- and trimethacrylate resin, PENTA, functionalized
amorphous silica, photoinitiators, stabilizers, cetylamine,
hydrofluoride, and acetone
(1) Apply 35% phosphoric.
acid etchant for 15 s.
(2) Rinse and blot-dry.
(3) Apply bond.
(4) Allow gentle air stream.
(5) Light-cure for 10 s.

Clearfil SE Bond (Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc, Okayama, Japan)Primer
10-Methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP), HEMA, hydrophilic aliphatic dimethacrylate, dicamphoroquinone, N-diethyl-p-toluidine, and water
Bond
10-Methacryloyloxydecyldihy drogenphosphate (MDP), bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (bis-GMA), HEMA, hydrophobic aliphatic dimethacrylate, dicamphoroquinone, N-diethyl-p-toluidine, and colloidal silica
(1) Apply primer for 20 s.
(2) Dry with mild air for 5 s.
(3) Apply bond for 10 s.
(4) Apply air flow gently
(5) Light-cure for 10 s.

Clearfil S3 Bond (Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc, Okayama, Japan)10-Methacryloyloxydecyldihy drogenphosphate (MDP), bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (bis-GMA), HEMA, hydrophobic dimethacrylates, dicamphoroquinone, ethanol, water, and silanated colloidal silica(1) Apply bond for 10 s.
(2) Dry with mild air for 5 s.
(3) Light-cure for 10 s.