Table 1: Comparison of soft tissue cephalometric values of Turkish and European-American using Legan and Burstone analysis.

VariableTurkishEuropean-American value
MeanSDMeanSD

Facial form
 Facial convexity angle (°)14,154,651240.035*
 Maxillary prognathism (mm)5,53,85630.724
 Mandibular prognathism (mm)−2.77,25040.043*
 Vertical height ratio1,050,110.091
 Lower face-throat angle (°)105,65810070.004**
 Lower vertical height-depth ratio1,30,91,20.458
Lip position
 Nasolabial angle (°)107,058,4510280.001***
 Upper lip protrusion (mm)3,351,9310.005**
 Lower lip protrusion (mm)2,251,75210.453
 Mentolabial sulcus (mm)−5.651,6420.001***
 Vertical lip-chin ratio0,480.0750,50.876
 Maxillary incisor exposure (mm)2,951,85220.054
 Interlabial gap (mm)1,11,55220.046*

–nonsignificant (NS), * , ** , *** .