The Scientific World Journal http://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2016 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. Assessment of the Economic Structure of Brazilian Agribusiness Tue, 03 May 2016 08:52:39 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/7517806/ This paper presents an economic assessment of Brazilian agribusiness and its relationship with other economic sectors. It was found that, in 2011, agribusiness had a share of 18.45% (basic prices) and 19.77% (market prices) of Brazilian GDP. The tax burden of agribusiness (20.68%) was higher than that of other sectors (13.59%), despite agribusiness being a major contributor to the generation of foreign exchange, employment, and essential products, such as food. Brazilian agribusiness is a major employer, responsible for 29.39% of national employment. However, its average income is lower than in the other sectors of the Brazilian economy. Finally, agribusiness was found to be the biggest generator of foreign exchange, with a positive balance of trade. It was possible to conclude that agribusiness forms a strong link between agriculture and livestock, industry, and services in other economic sectors. For this reason, it can be said that the development of agribusiness is highly relevant to the process of Brazilian economic development and is therefore important to the progress of economic policies. Vilmar Rodrigues Moreira, Ricardo Kureski, and Claudimar Pereira da Veiga Copyright © 2016 Vilmar Rodrigues Moreira et al. All rights reserved. Energy Conservation Using Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling for Computational Cloud Thu, 28 Apr 2016 09:43:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/9328070/ Cloud computing is a new technology which supports resource sharing on a “Pay as you go” basis around the world. It provides various services such as SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS. Computation is a part of IaaS and the entire computational requests are to be served efficiently with optimal power utilization in the cloud. Recently, various algorithms are developed to reduce power consumption and even Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) scheme is also used in this perspective. In this paper we have devised methodology which analyzes the behavior of the given cloud request and identifies the associated type of algorithm. Once the type of algorithm is identified, using their asymptotic notations, its time complexity is calculated. Using best fit strategy the appropriate host is identified and the incoming job is allocated to the victimized host. Using the measured time complexity the required clock frequency of the host is measured. According to that CPU frequency is scaled up or down using DVFS scheme, enabling energy to be saved up to 55% of total Watts consumption. A. Paulin Florence, V. Shanthi, and C. B. Sunil Simon Copyright © 2016 A. Paulin Florence et al. All rights reserved. Corrigendum to “Herbal Mouthwash Containing Extracts of Baccharis dracunculifolia as Agent for the Control of Biofilm: Clinical Evaluation in Humans” Thu, 28 Apr 2016 07:05:40 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/8042479/ Vinícius Pedrazzi, Mateus Freire Leite, Reisla Cristina Tavares, Sandra Sato, Glauce Crivelaro do Nascimento, and João Paulo Mardegan Issa Copyright © 2016 Vinícius Pedrazzi et al. All rights reserved. -Distance Based IF-THEN Rules Wed, 27 Apr 2016 07:01:32 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/1673537/ Decision making, reasoning, and analysis in real-world problems are complicated by imperfect information. Real-world imperfect information is mainly characterized by two features. In view of this, Professor Zadeh suggested the concept of a -number as an ordered pair of fuzzy numbers and , the first of which is a linguistic value of a variable of interest, and the second one is a linguistic value of probability measure of the first one, playing a role of its reliability. The concept of distance is one of the important concepts for handling imperfect information in decision making and reasoning. In this paper, we, for the first time, apply the concept of distance of -numbers to the approximate reasoning with -number based IF-THEN rules. We provide an example on solving problem related to psychological issues naturally characterized by imperfect information, which shows applicability and validity of the suggested approach. R. A. Aliev, O. H. Huseynov, and R. X. Zulfugarova Copyright © 2016 R. A. Aliev et al. All rights reserved. Retracted: Medical Dataset Classification: A Machine Learning Paradigm Integrating Particle Swarm Optimization with Extreme Learning Machine Classifier Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:26:10 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/7137054/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. Retracted: An Automatic Web Service Composition Framework Using QoS-Based Web Service Ranking Algorithm Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:25:46 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/6902846/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. Retracted: Dynamic Harmony Search with Polynomial Mutation Algorithm for Valve-Point Economic Load Dispatch Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:25:19 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/4953678/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. Retracted: An Improved Differential Evolution Solution for Software Project Scheduling Problem Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:24:50 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/4835617/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. Retracted: Differential Evolution Algorithm with Diversified Vicinity Operator for Optimal Routing and Clustering of Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:24:22 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/1520847/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. A New Surgical Approach for the Treatment of Conjunctivochalasis: Reduction of the Conjunctival Fold with Bipolar Electrocautery Forceps Thu, 21 Apr 2016 08:14:55 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/6589751/ Aim. To report a new surgical technique for the treatment of conjunctivochalasis. Methods. A new surgical technique in which specially designed bipolar electrocautery forceps facilitate the complete reduction of the conjunctival folds without creating lesions near the corneoscleral limbus was designed. A retrospective revision of the medical records of patients treated with this technique between the years 2011 and 2013 was made, and eighteen eyes of sixteen patients with conjunctivochalasis treated with this new technique were included. Results. All the eyes treated showed a significant improvement with no evidence of scar lesions after a mean follow-up time of 10 months. Conclusions. The surgical technique presented here could be a good alternative for the management of conjunctivochalasis. Eduardo Arenas and Diana Muñoz Copyright © 2016 Eduardo Arenas and Diana Muñoz. All rights reserved. Restoration of Degraded Soil in the Nanmangalam Reserve Forest with Native Tree Species: Effect of Indigenous Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria Mon, 18 Apr 2016 11:07:48 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5465841/ Restoration of a highly degraded forest, which had lost its natural capacity for regeneration, was attempted in the Nanmangalam Reserve Forest in Eastern Ghats of India. In field experiment, 12 native tree species were planted. The restoration included inoculation with a consortium of 5 native plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB), with the addition of small amounts of compost and a chemical fertilizer (NPK). The experimental fields were maintained for 1080 days. The growth and biomass varied depending on the plant species. All native plants responded well to the supplementation with the native PGPB. The plants such as Pongamia pinnata, Tamarindus indica, Gmelina arborea, Wrightia tinctoria, Syzygium cumini, Albizia lebbeck, Terminalia bellirica, and Azadirachta indica performed well in the native soil. This study demonstrated, by using native trees and PGPB, a possibility to restore the degraded forest. Andimuthu Ramachandran and Parthasarathy Radhapriya Copyright © 2016 Andimuthu Ramachandran and Parthasarathy Radhapriya. All rights reserved. Effect of Opioid on Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis Tue, 05 Apr 2016 06:08:50 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/2601264/ During the past decade, the study of the mechanisms and functional implications of adult neurogenesis has significantly progressed. Many studies focus on the factors that regulate proliferation and fate determination of adult neural stem/progenitor cells, including addictive drugs such as opioid. Here, we review the most recent works on opiate drugs’ effect on different developmental stages of adult hippocampal neurogenesis, as well as the possible underlying mechanisms. We conclude that opiate drugs in general cause a loss of newly born neural progenitors in the subgranular zone of dentate gyrus, by either modulating proliferation or interfering with differentiation and maturation. We also discuss the consequent impact of regulation of adult neurogenesis in animal’s opioid addiction behavior. We further look into the future directions in studying the convergence between the adult neurogenesis field and opioid addiction field, since the adult-born granular cells were shown to play a role in neuroplasticity and may help to reduce the vulnerability to drug craving and relapse. Yue Zhang, Horace H. Loh, and Ping-Yee Law Copyright © 2016 Yue Zhang et al. All rights reserved. Multiagent Systems Based Modeling and Implementation of Dynamic Energy Management of Smart Microgrid Using MACSimJX Mon, 04 Apr 2016 13:19:29 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/9858101/ The objective of this paper is implementation of multiagent system (MAS) for the advanced distributed energy management and demand side management of a solar microgrid. Initially, Java agent development environment (JADE) frame work is used to implement MAS based dynamic energy management of solar microgrid. Due to unstable nature of MATLAB, when dealing with multithreading environment, MAS operating in JADE is linked with the MATLAB using a middle ware called Multiagent Control Using Simulink with Jade Extension (MACSimJX). MACSimJX allows the solar microgrid components designed with MATLAB to be controlled by the corresponding agents of MAS. The microgrid environment variables are captured through sensors and given to agents through MATLAB/Simulink and after the agent operations in JADE, the results are given to the actuators through MATLAB for the implementation of dynamic operation in solar microgrid. MAS operating in JADE maximizes operational efficiency of solar microgrid by decentralized approach and increase in runtime efficiency due to JADE. Autonomous demand side management is implemented for optimizing the power exchange between main grid and microgrid with intermittent nature of solar power, randomness of load, and variation of noncritical load and grid price. These dynamics are considered for every time step and complex environment simulation is designed to emulate the distributed microgrid operations and evaluate the impact of agent operations. Leo Raju, R. S. Milton, and Senthilkumaran Mahadevan Copyright © 2016 Leo Raju et al. All rights reserved. Perturbational Blowup Solutions to the Two-Component Dullin-Gottwald-Holm System Thu, 31 Mar 2016 17:39:41 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5632798/ We construct a family of nonradially symmetric exact solutions for the two-component DGH system by the perturbational method. Depending on the parameters, the class of solutions includes both blowup type and global existence type. Ka Luen Cheung Copyright © 2016 Ka Luen Cheung. All rights reserved. Variability Assessment of Aromatic and Fine Rice Germplasm in Bangladesh Based on Quantitative Traits Thu, 31 Mar 2016 11:22:02 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/2796720/ The study was conducted to investigate genetic variability among 113 aromatic and fine local rice genotypes of which five were exotic in origin. The test genotypes were evaluated for 19 growth traits, yield components, and yield. All the quantitative traits varied significantly among the test genotypes. High heritability along with high genetic advance was observed for flag leaf area, secondary branches per panicle, filled grains per panicle, grain length, grain breadth, grain length breadth ratio, and 1000 grain weight. Such findings suggested preponderance of additive gene action in gene expression for these characters. Grain yield was significantly and positively correlated with days to flowering, days to maturity, panicle length, filled grains per panicle, and 1000 grain weight. According to cluster analysis, 113 test genotypes formed 10 clusters. Selection of parents from the clusters V and X followed by hybridization would possibly result in desirable heterosis for the development of heterotic rice hybrids. Finally, molecular characterizations of the studied germplasm are required for high resolution QTL mapping and validating the presence of candidate genes responsible for valuable characters. M. Z. Islam, M. Khalequzzaman, M. K. Bashar, N. A. Ivy, M. M. Haque, and M. A. K. Mian Copyright © 2016 M. Z. Islam et al. All rights reserved. Compressed Sensing: Applications in Radar and Communications Wed, 30 Mar 2016 08:02:46 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5407415/ Sandra Costanzo, Álvaro Rocha, and Marco Donald Migliore Copyright © 2016 Sandra Costanzo et al. All rights reserved. On Vertex Covering Transversal Domination Number of Regular Graphs Tue, 29 Mar 2016 09:54:45 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/1029024/ A simple graph is said to be -regular if each vertex of is of degree . The vertex covering transversal domination number is the minimum cardinality among all vertex covering transversal dominating sets of . In this paper, we analyse this parameter on different kinds of regular graphs especially for and . Also we provide an upper bound for of a connected cubic graph of order . Then we try to provide a more stronger relationship between and . R. Vasanthi and K. Subramanian Copyright © 2016 R. Vasanthi and K. Subramanian. All rights reserved. Retracted: An Improved Ant Colony Optimization Approach for Optimization of Process Planning Thu, 24 Mar 2016 08:28:44 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5960614/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. Retracted: Changes of Radial Diffusivity and Fractional Anisotopy in the Optic Nerve and Optic Radiation of Glaucoma Patients Thu, 24 Mar 2016 07:21:28 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5803036/ The Scientific World Journal Copyright © 2016 The Scientific World Journal. All rights reserved. The Existence of Weak -Pullback Exponential Attractor for Nonautonomous Dynamical System Tue, 22 Mar 2016 13:31:59 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/1871602/ First, for a process , we introduce a new concept, called the weak -pullback exponential attractor, which is a family of sets , for any , satisfying the following: (i) is compact, (ii) is positively invariant, that is, , and (iii) there exist such that ; that is, pullback exponential attracts . Then we give a method to obtain the existence of weak -pullback exponential attractors for a process. As an application, we obtain the existence of weak -pullback exponential attractor for reaction diffusion equation in with exponential growth of the external force. Yongjun Li, Xiaona Wei, and Yanhong Zhang Copyright © 2016 Yongjun Li et al. All rights reserved. A Very Compact and Low Profile UWB Planar Antenna with WLAN Band Rejection Mon, 21 Mar 2016 12:00:38 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/3560938/ A low-cost coplanar waveguide fed compact ultrawideband (UWB) antenna with band rejection characteristics for wireless local area network (WLAN) is proposed. The notch band characteristic is achieved by etching half wavelength C-shaped annular ring slot in the radiating patch. By properly choosing the radius and position of the slot, the notch band can be adjusted and controlled. With an overall size of 18.7 mm × 17.6 mm, the antenna turns out to be one of the smallest UWB antennas with band-notched characteristics. It has a wide fractional bandwidth of 130% (2.9–13.7 GHz) with VSWR < 2 and rejecting IEEE 802.11a and HIPERLAN/2 frequency band of 5.1–5.9 GHz. Stable omnidirectional radiation patterns in the plane with an average gain of 4.4 dBi are obtained. The band-notch mechanism of the proposed antenna is examined by HFSS simulator. A good agreement is found between measured and simulated results indicating that the proposed antenna is well suited for integration into portable devices for UWB applications. Avez Syed and Rabah W. Aldhaheri Copyright © 2016 Avez Syed and Rabah W. Aldhaheri. All rights reserved. Effects of Streptococcus bovis Isolated from Bovine Rumen on the Fermentation Characteristics and Nutritive Value of Tanzania Grass Silage Thu, 17 Mar 2016 12:48:35 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/8517698/ This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Streptococcus bovis on the fermentation characteristics and nutritive value of Tanzania grass silage. Tanzania grass was chopped and left untreated (U) or treated with Streptococcus bovis JB1 at 1 × 106 colony-forming units per gram (cfu/g) of fresh forage or Streptococcus bovis HC5 at 1 × 106 cfu/g of fresh forage and packed into sixtuplicate laboratory silos. The largest number of enterobacteria, molds and yeast (M&Y) occurred in untreated silages and the smallest populations of enterobacteria and M&Y and the largest numbers of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), at 9.81 and 9.87 log cfu/g, were observed in Streptococcus bovis JB1 and HC5, respectively (). Silages treated with JB1 and HC5 had lower () silage pHs and concentrations of ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N) than untreated silages. The application of Streptococcus bovis JB1 and HC5 resulted in fewer losses through gases and effluents (), which resulted in greater dry matter recovery (DMR) and crude protein recovery (CPR) (). Streptococcus bovis JB1 and HC5 improved the fermentative profile and increased the concentration of crude protein and DMR and CPR in Tanzania grass silage. Anderson de Moura Zanine, Emerson Alencar Bonelli, Alexandre Lima de Souza, Daniele de Jesus Ferreira, Edson Mauro Santos, Marinaldo Divino Ribeiro, Luiz Juliano Valério Geron, and Ricardo Martins Araujo Pinho Copyright © 2016 Anderson de Moura Zanine et al. All rights reserved. Effects of Two-Phase Treatment with the Herbst and Preadjusted Edgewise Appliances on the Upper Airway Dimensions Thu, 17 Mar 2016 11:30:27 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/4697467/ Aims. To assess the effects of two-phase treatment with the Herbst and the preadjusted edgewise appliances on upper airway dimensions and to investigate the correlation between changes in the upper airway dimensions and skeletal morphologies. Methods. A total of 27 Chinese male adolescents aged years were selected. Lateral cephalograms were collected to assess the skeletal morphology and upper airway dimensions. Results. Following Herbst appliance treatment, the upper airway space was significantly enlarged, with the retropalatal (U-MPW) increasing by  mm (), the retroglossal (PASmin) increasing by  mm (), and the hypopharynx (V-LPW) enlarging by  mm (). PASmin was found to show a negative correlation to the mandibular plane angle (MnPl-SN) by (). There was no significant change () in upper airway dimensions during the second-phase treatment. Conclusions. Herbst appliance treatment increased the oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal airway dimensions among adolescents with Class II malocclusion, and the effects were maintained throughout the second treatment phase with a preadjusted edgewise appliance. There was a negative correlation between the change in the depth of the retroglossal pharynx and the mandibular plane angle. Woei Li Koay, Yanqi Yang, Christine Shuk Kwan Tse, and Min Gu Copyright © 2016 Woei Li Koay et al. All rights reserved. Evaluation of the Parameters and Conditions of Process in the Ethylbenzene Dehydrogenation with Application of Permselective Membranes to Enhance Styrene Yield Wed, 16 Mar 2016 07:26:47 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/4949183/ Styrene is an important monomer in the manufacture of thermoplastic. Most of it is produced by the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene. In this process that depends on reversible reactions, the yield is usually limited by the establishment of thermodynamic equilibrium in the reactor. The styrene yield can be increased by using a hybrid process, with reaction and separation simultaneously. It is proposed using permselective composite membrane to remove hydrogen and thus suppress the reverse and secondary reactions. This paper describes the simulation of a dehydrogenation process carried out in a tubular fixed-bed reactor wrapped in a permselective composite membrane. A mathematical model was developed, incorporating the various mass transport mechanisms found in each of the membrane layers and in the catalytic fixed bed. The effects of the reactor feed conditions (temperature, steam-to-oil ratio, and the weight hourly space velocity), the fixed-bed geometry (length, diameter, and volume), and the membrane geometry (thickness of the layers) on the styrene yield were analyzed. These variables were used to determine experimental conditions that favour the production of styrene. The simulation showed that an increase of 40.98% in the styrene yield, compared to a conventional fixed-bed process, could be obtained by wrapping the reactor in a permselective composite membrane. Paulo Jardel P. Araújo, Manuela Souza Leite, and Teresa M. Kakuta Ravagnani Copyright © 2016 Paulo Jardel P. Araújo et al. All rights reserved. Expression Marker-Based Strategy to Improve Beef Quality Tue, 15 Mar 2016 16:34:22 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/2185323/ For beef cattle research, a main objective is to control concomitantly the development of muscles and the qualities of beef cuts. Beef quality is a complex phenotype that is only detectable after slaughter and is highly variable. The beef industry is in need of tools to estimate beef quality of live cattle or online in abattoirs, with specific attention towards sensory attributes (tenderness, juiciness, flavour, and colour). Identification of relevant genetic and genomic markers is ongoing, especially for tenderness—a top priority quality attribute. In this paper, we describe the steps of an expression marker-based strategy to improve beef sensory quality, from the discovery of biomarkers that identify consistent beef and the biological functions governing beef tenderness to the integration of the knowledge into detection tests for desirable animals. These tools should soon be available for the management of sensory quality in the beef production chain for meeting market’s demands and assuring good quality standards. Isabelle Cassar-Malek and Brigitte Picard Copyright © 2016 Isabelle Cassar-Malek and Brigitte Picard. All rights reserved. An Example-Based Super-Resolution Algorithm for Selfie Images Tue, 15 Mar 2016 13:33:47 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/8306342/ A selfie is typically a self-portrait captured using the front camera of a smartphone. Most state-of-the-art smartphones are equipped with a high-resolution (HR) rear camera and a low-resolution (LR) front camera. As selfies are captured by front camera with limited pixel resolution, the fine details in it are explicitly missed. This paper aims to improve the resolution of selfies by exploiting the fine details in HR images captured by rear camera using an example-based super-resolution (SR) algorithm. HR images captured by rear camera carry significant fine details and are used as an exemplar to train an optimal matrix-value regression (MVR) operator. The MVR operator serves as an image-pair priori which learns the correspondence between the LR-HR patch-pairs and is effectively used to super-resolve LR selfie images. The proposed MVR algorithm avoids vectorization of image patch-pairs and preserves image-level information during both learning and recovering process. The proposed algorithm is evaluated for its efficiency and effectiveness both qualitatively and quantitatively with other state-of-the-art SR algorithms. The results validate that the proposed algorithm is efficient as it requires less than 3 seconds to super-resolve LR selfie and is effective as it preserves sharp details without introducing any counterfeit fine details. Jino Hans William, N. Venkateswaran, Srinath Narayanan, and Sandeep Ramachandran Copyright © 2016 Jino Hans William et al. All rights reserved. The Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus Small Colony Variant Isolated from Chronic Mastitis at a Dairy Farm in Yunnan Province, China Tue, 15 Mar 2016 09:40:26 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/9157605/ Staphylococcus aureus is a major causative agent leading to bovine mastitis and has specific phonotypical characteristics including small colony, slow growth, and decreased hemolysis, therefore named as the small colony variants (SCVs). Out of 30 tested samples of the chronic S. aureus cases, one strain of SCVs (S. aureus SCV22) was isolated along with its parental strains (S. aureus11). S. aureus SCV22 showed a slow growth rate when it is compared with the parental strain. However, their resistant patterns were similar. Meanwhile, S. aureus SCV22 depicted the lower rate of apoptosis in bovine mammary epithelial cells. These findings of the present study presented the unique characteristics of S. aureus SCV22 for the first time in Yunnan province, which provided a prophase foundation for further study about the pathogenesis of S. aureus SCVs in chronic mastitis. Li-li Zhu, Feng-cai Zou, Yu-lin Yan, Qi-hui Wang, Yong-qiang Shi, and Wei-jie Qu Copyright © 2016 Li-li Zhu et al. All rights reserved. Influence of Maternal and Postweaning Linseed Dietary Supplementation on Growth Rate, Lipid Profile, and Meat Quality Traits of Light Sarda Lambs Sun, 13 Mar 2016 07:29:40 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/5391682/ The effects of dietary extruded linseed (EL) on growth performance, meat quality, and lipid profile of Semimembranosus and Longissimus lumborum muscles of 81 Sarda lambs were studied in a 3 × 3 design: EL content (0%, 10%, and 20%) of maternal dietary concentrate fed from 20 d to parturition to 60 d of lactation and EL content (0%, 10%, 20%) of lamb concentrate fed after weaning for 30 d. The basal diet was composed of alfalfa and meadow hay during pregnancy and alfalfa hay during lactation. At slaughter, carcass and meat quality were evaluated. Sensory quality of Semimembranosus from 0% and 20% EL lambs was assessed. Both maternal and postweaning diets affected growth performance, with higher body weights recorded with the 10% EL concentrate. Carcass and meat quality were not affected by diet. Saturated and monounsaturated FA decreased and n-3 polyunsaturated FA increased with increasing EL content in lamb diet. An increase in vaccenic and rumenic acid was associated with the EL content of the maternal diet. Both diets increased the n-6/n-3 FA ratio. No differences in acceptability were detected by consumers among groups. It is concluded that EL supplementation and early life nutrition can influence performance and FA metabolism in growing lambs. Massimo Trabalza-Marinucci, Laura Mughetti, David Ranucci, Gabriele Acuti, Oliviero Olivieri, Dino Miraglia, and Raffaella Branciari Copyright © 2016 Massimo Trabalza-Marinucci et al. All rights reserved. Fuzzy - and Fuzzy Completely - Functions via Fuzzy e-Open Sets Tue, 08 Mar 2016 08:23:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/2587875/ We introduced the notions of fuzzy - functions and fuzzy completely - functions via fuzzy e-open sets. Some properties and several characterization of these types of functions are investigated. V. Seenivasan and K. Kamala Copyright © 2016 V. Seenivasan and K. Kamala. All rights reserved. An Intelligent Ensemble Neural Network Model for Wind Speed Prediction in Renewable Energy Systems Tue, 01 Mar 2016 09:49:47 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/9293529/ Various criteria are proposed to select the number of hidden neurons in artificial neural network (ANN) models and based on the criterion evolved an intelligent ensemble neural network model is proposed to predict wind speed in renewable energy applications. The intelligent ensemble neural model based wind speed forecasting is designed by averaging the forecasted values from multiple neural network models which includes multilayer perceptron (MLP), multilayer adaptive linear neuron (Madaline), back propagation neural network (BPN), and probabilistic neural network (PNN) so as to obtain better accuracy in wind speed prediction with minimum error. The random selection of hidden neurons numbers in artificial neural network results in overfitting or underfitting problem. This paper aims to avoid the occurrence of overfitting and underfitting problems. The selection of number of hidden neurons is done in this paper employing 102 criteria; these evolved criteria are verified by the computed various error values. The proposed criteria for fixing hidden neurons are validated employing the convergence theorem. The proposed intelligent ensemble neural model is applied for wind speed prediction application considering the real time wind data collected from the nearby locations. The obtained simulation results substantiate that the proposed ensemble model reduces the error value to minimum and enhances the accuracy. The computed results prove the effectiveness of the proposed ensemble neural network (ENN) model with respect to the considered error factors in comparison with that of the earlier models available in the literature. V. Ranganayaki and S. N. Deepa Copyright © 2016 V. Ranganayaki and S. N. Deepa. All rights reserved.