Table 3: Progression of Japan’s Tokurei-shi (Special Case Cities) November 1, 2000-April 1, 2011(1).

Date authorizedCity name (alphabetically listed)Number authorizedTotal

Nov 1, 2000Fukui, Hakodate, Kofu, Kure, Matsumoto, Morioka, Numazu, Odawara, Yokkaichi, Yamato1010
April 1, 2001Amagasaki, Fuji, Hachinohe, Hirakata, Hiratsuka, Ibaraki, Kasugai, Kawaguchi, Kurume, Maebashi, Mito, Neyagawa, Otsu, Sasebo, Shimizu, Suita, Takasaki, Toyonaka, Yamagata, Yao2030
April 1, 2002Akashi, Atsugi, Ichinomiya, Kakogawa, Kishiwada, Shimonoseki, Tokorozawa,737
April 1, 2003Chigasaki, Koshigaya, Takarazuka  
Shimizu merges with Core City, Shizuoka
339
April 1, 2004Soka140
Oct 1, 2005Tottori(a)
Hakodate and Shimonoseki become Core Cities
139
April 1, 2007Isesaki(m), Joetsu(a), Nagaoka(a), Ota(m), Tsukuba(a)544
April 1, 2008Kasukabe
Kurume, and Morioka become Core Cities
143
April 1, 2009Kumagaya(a)
Amagasaki, Maebashi, and Otsu become Core Cities
141
April 1, 2011Takasaki becomes a Core City40

Source: [100].
Notes: ( 1 ) The nine cities in parenthesis have risen to Core City status or above by April 1, 2010.
(a)Achieved the status by annexing adjacent municipalities. (m)Achieved the status by merging with adjacent municipalities. Ota is listed as a merger by the MIC, but it was a city of 147,000 residents in 2000 that essentially annexed three adjacent towns.