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Urban Studies Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 458172, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/458172
Research Article

Assessing Resilience to Climate Change in US Cities

1College of Civil Engineering, Technological University of Panama, P.O. Box 0819-07289, El Dorado, Panama City, Panama
2Division of Governmental Studies and Services, Department of Political Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, USA
3Department of Political Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, USA

Received 1 December 2011; Accepted 9 March 2012

Academic Editor: Karen F. Parker

Copyright © 2012 Casilda Saavedra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the face of uncertainties associated with climate change, building adaptive capacity and resilience at the community level emerges as an essential and timely element of local planning. However, key social factors that facilitate the effective building and maintenance of urban resilience are poorly understood. Two groups of US cities differing markedly in their commitment to climate change are contrasted with respect to their planning approaches and actions related to mitigation and adaptation strategies, and also in relation to social features that are believed to enhance adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change. The first group manifests a strong commitment to climate change mitigation and adaptation, and the second group has demonstrated little or no such commitment. These cities are compared with respect to several noteworthy social features, including level of social capital, degree of unconventional thought, and level of cultural diversity. These characteristics are postulated to contribute to the adaptive capacity of communities for dealing with the impacts of climate change. The aim is to determine to what extent there is a relationship between social/cultural structures and urban commitment and planning for climate change that could discriminate between climate change resilient and nonresilient urban areas.