Table 7: Comparison between PSO results and SPICE results— and .

Case studyPSO resultsSPICE results
Difference (ns) Difference (ns)

1 5.1363 5.1546 0.0183 5.0674 5.2532 0.1858
2 10.5820 10.5131 0.0689 10.6200 9.8351 0.7849
3 5.1146 5.0244 0.09012 5.0535 5.3356 0.2821
4 5.2015 5.2138 0.0123 5.0398 5.4025 0.3627
5 8.8588 8.8279 0.0309 8.6485 8.5699 0.0786
6 5.4233 5.4471 0.0238 5.2171 5.6551 0.438
7 5.3678 5.3867 0.0189 5.2649 5.6741 0.4092