Table 8: Comparison between PSO results and SPICE results— and .

Case studyPSO resultsSPICE results
Difference (ns) Difference (ns)

1 2.5227 2.4648 0.0579 2.6455 2.4367 0.2088
2 4.8217 4.8025 0.0192 4.9417 4.9256 0.0161
3 2.6854 2.6731 0.0123 2.8366 2.4292 0.4074
4 2.5812 2.5637 0.0175 2.5157 2.4210 0.0947
5 4.6977 4.6785 0.0192 4.7861 4.5264 0.2597
6 2.5805 2.5332 0.0473 2.5771 2.4957 0.0814
7 2.7219 2.7581 0.0362 2.8629 2.6367 0.2262