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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 328307, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/328307
Review Article

A Basic Strategy to Manage Global Health with Reference to Livestock Production in Asia

Department of Ecosystem and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 2Z6

Received 16 October 2010; Revised 6 June 2011; Accepted 21 August 2011

Academic Editor: Carolyn J. Henry

Copyright © 2011 David C. Hall and Quynh Ba Le. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Newly emerging infectious diseases (nEIDs) have increased rapidly presenting alarming challenges to global health. We argue that for effective management of global health a basic strategy should include at least three essential tactical forms: actions of a directly focused nature, institutional coordination, and disciplinary integration in approaches to health management. Each level of action is illustrated with examples from the livestock sector in Asia. No clear example of all three tactical forms in place can be found from developing countries where food security is a significant threat although Vietnam is developing a comprehensive strategy. Finally, an ecosystem health approach to global health management is advocated; such an approach moves away from the traditional single disciplinary approach. Stronger guidance is needed to direct ecohealth research and application in the management of global health.