- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 923149, 18 pages
Renewed Global Partnerships and Redesigned Roadmaps for Rabies Prevention and Control
1Global Alliance for Rabies Control, 529 Humboldt Street, Suite 1, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
2Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health, and Comparative Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
3Sanofi Pasteur, 2 avenue Pont Pasteur, 69367 Lyon Cedex 07, France
4Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
5Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy
6Dodet Bioscience, 6 bis rue de Verdun, 69300 Caluire et Cuire, France
7Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
8World Society for the Protection of Animals, Programmes Department, 222 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, UK
9Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, PANAFTOSA, Avenue Presidente Kennedy 7778, 25040-004 Duque de Caxias CEP, RJ, Brazil
10World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
11Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Seestrasse 55, 16868 Wusterhausen, Germany
12Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, New Agricultural Building, R9-13, South Africa
13Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road North East, Atlanta, GA, USA
14Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3851 Fallowfield Road, P.O. Box 11300, Station H, Nepean, ON, Canada K2H 8P9
Received 15 October 2010; Revised 9 February 2011; Accepted 24 February 2011
Academic Editor: Craig Stephen
Copyright © 2011 Tiziana Lembo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- R. G. Bengis, F. A. Leighton, J. R. Fischer, M. Artois, T. Mörner, and C. M. Tate, “The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonoses,” Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 497–511, 2004.
- S. Cleaveland, M. K. Laurenson, and L. H. Taylor, “Diseases of humans and their domestic mammals: pathogen characteristics, host range and the risk of emergence,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, vol. 356, no. 1411, pp. 991–999, 2001.
- S. J. Cutler, A. R. Fooks, and W. H. M. van der Poel, “Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2010.
- F. X. Meslin, K. Stöhr, and D. Heymann, “Public health implications of emerging zoonoses,” Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 310–317, 2000.
- L. H. Taylor, S. M. Latham, and M. E. J. Woolhouse, “Risk factors for human disease emergence,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 356, no. 1411, pp. 983–989, 2001.
- D. S. Burke, “Evolvability of emerging viruses,” in Pathology of Emerging Infections 2, A. M. Nelson and C. R. Horsburgh, Eds., pp. 1–12, American Society of Microbiology, Washington, DC, USA, 1998.
- M. E. J. Woolhouse, D. T. Haydon, and R. Antia, “Emerging pathogens: the epidemiology and evolution of species jumps,” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 238–244, 2005.
- E. C. Holmes, “The phylogeography of human viruses,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 745–756, 2004.
- E. G. Holmes and A. Rambaut, “Viral evolution and the emergence of SARS coronavirus,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 359, no. 1447, pp. 1059–1065, 2004.
- T. Kuiken, R. Fouchier, G. Rimmelzwaan, and A. Osterhaus, “Emerging viral infections in a rapidly changing world,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 641–646, 2003.
- ICTV, “International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses—Index of viruses,” August 2010, http://www.ictvonline.org/index.asp?bhcp=1.
- WHO, “WHO expert consultation on rabies,” WHO Technical Report Series, vol. 931, pp. 1–88, 2005.
- C. E. Rupprecht, J. Barrett, D. Briggs, et al., “Can rabies be eradicated?” in Towards the Elimination of Rabies in Eurasia, B. Dodet, A. R. Fooks, T. Muller, and N. Tordo, Eds., vol. 131, pp. 95–121, 2008.
- K. Hampson, A. Dobson, M. Kaare et al., “Rabies exposures, post-exposure prophylaxis and deaths in a region of endemic canine rabies,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 2, no. 11, e339, 2008.
- CDC, “US declared canine-rabies free,” August 2010, http://www.cdc.gov/news/2007/09/canine_rabies.html.
- OIE, Historical Perspective of Rabies in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), Paris, France, 2004.
- A. Velasco-Villa, S. A. Reeder, L. A. Orciari et al., “Enzootic rabies elimination from dogs and reemergence in wild terrestrial carnivores, United States,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1849–1854, 2008.
- D. L. Knobel, S. Cleaveland, P. G. Coleman et al., “Re-evaluating the burden of rabies in Africa and Asia,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 360–368, 2005.
- BaliDiscoveryTours, October 2010, http://www.balidiscovery.com/.
- CDC, “Rabies in Bali, Indonesia,” October 2010, http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/content/outbreak-notice/rabies-bali-indonesia2008.aspx.
- A. R. Fooks, “Rabies remains a ‘neglected disease’,” Euro Surveillance, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 211–212, 2005.
- U. Kayali, R. Mindekem, N. Yémadji et al., “Coverage of pilot parenteral vaccination campaign against canine rabies in N'Djaména, Chad,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 81, no. 10, pp. 739–744, 2003.
- W. Kongkaew, P. Coleman, D. U. Pfeiffer, C. Antarasena, and A. Thiptara, “Vaccination coverage and epidemiological parameters of the owned-dog population in Thungsong District, Thailand,” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 65, no. 1-2, pp. 105–115, 2004.
- B. D. Perry, “Dog ecology in eastern and southern Africa: implications for rabies control,” Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 429–436, 1993.
- M. Ratsitorahina, J. H. Rasambainarivo, S. Raharimanana et al., “Dog ecology and demography in Antananarivo, 2007,” BMC Veterinary Research, vol. 5, p. 21, 2009.
- L. E. Robinson, M. E. Miranda, N. L. Miranda, and J. E. Childs, “Evaluation of a canine rabies vaccination campaign and characterization of owned-dog populations in the Philippines,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 250–256, 1996.
- K. Suzuki, J. A. C. Pereira, L. A. Frías, R. López, L. E. Mutinelli, and E. R. Pons, “Rabies-vaccination coverage and profiles of the owned-dog population in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia,” Zoonoses and Public Health, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 177–183, 2008.
- A. I. Wandeler, H. C. Matter, A. Kappeler, and A. Budde, “The ecology of dogs and canine rabies: a selective review,” Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 51–71, 1993.
- T. Lembo, K. Hampson, M. T. Kaare et al., “The feasibility of canine rabies elimination in Africa: dispelling doubts with data,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 4, no. 2, e626, 2010.
- A. R. Fooks, “Rabies—the need for a ‘one medicine’ approach,” Veterinary Record, vol. 161, no. 9, pp. 289–290, 2007.
- WHO, Working to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases. First WHO report on neglected tropical diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
- USAID, “Global partnerships,” August 2010, http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_partnerships/.
- WHO, “The control of neglected zoonotic diseases. A route to poverty alleviation. Report of a joint WHO/DFID-AHP meeting with the participation of FAO and OIE, Geneva September 2005,” 2006.
- WHO, “Integrated control of neglected zoonotic diseases in Africa. Applying the ‘One Health’ concept. Report of a joint WHO/EU/ILRI/DBL/FAO/OIE/AU meeting, ILRI Headquarters, Nairobi November 2007,” 2008.
- GAELF, “Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis. Partners,” October 2010, http://www.filariasis.org/who_we_are/partners.html.
- ARC, “Partners for Rabies Prevention,” August 2010, http://www.rabiescontrol.net/EN/prp.html.
- B. Aylward, K. A. Hennessey, N. Zagaria, J. M. Olivé, and S. Cochi, “When is a disease eradicable? 100 years of lessons learned,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 1515–1520, 2000.
- D. Briggs and C. A. Hanlon, “World Rabies Day: focusing attention on a neglected disease,” Veterinary Record, vol. 161, no. 9, pp. 288–289, 2007.
- S. Cleaveland, P. Costa, T. Lembo, and D. Briggs, “Catalysing action against rabies,” Veterinary Record, vol. 167, no. 11, pp. 422–423, 2010.
- P. Costa, D. J. Briggs, A. Tumpey, R. Dedmon, and J. Coutts, “World Rabies Day outreach to Asia: empowering people through education,” Asian Biomedicine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 451–457, 2009.
- B. Dodet and AREB, “An important date in rabies history,” Vaccine, vol. 25, no. 52, pp. 8647–8650, 2007.
- None, “Rabies has its day,” Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 7, no. 10, p. 631, 2007.
- P. Costa, D. Briggs, and R. Dedmon, “World Rabies Day (September 28, 2010): the continuing effort to ‘make rabies history’,” Asian Biomedicine, vol. 4, p. 671, 2010.
- M. C. Schneider, A. Belotto, M. P. Adé et al., “Current status of human rabies transmitted by dogs in Latin America,” Cadernos de Saúde Pública, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 2049–2063, 2007.
- PRP, “Blueprint for rabies prevention and control,” August 2010, http://www.rabiesblueprint.com/.
- K. Hampson, J. Dushoff, S. Cleaveland et al., “Transmission dynamics and prospects for the elimination of canine rabies,” PLoS Biology, vol. 7, no. 3, e53, 2009.
- WHO, Guidelines for Dog Rabies Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1987.
- WHO, “WHO Expert Committee on rabies, Geneva September 1991: eight report,” WHO Technical Report Series, vol. 824, pp. 1–84, 1992.
- WHO, “Strategies for the control and elimination of rabies in Asia. Report of a WHO interregional consultation, July 2001,” WHO/CDS/CSR/EPH/2002.8, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001.
- WHO and F. Merieux, “Rabies control in Asia,” in Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on rabies control in Asia, John Libbey Eurotext, Hanoi, Viet Nam, March 2001.
- P. G. Coleman and C. Dye, “Immunization coverage required to prevent outbreaks of dog rabies,” Vaccine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 185–186, 1996.
- J. Zinsstag, S. Dürr, M. A. Penny et al., “Transmission dynamics and economics of rabies control in dogs and humans in an African city,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 106, no. 35, pp. 14996–15001, 2009.
- J. Zinsstag, E. Schelling, F. Roth, B. Bonfoh, D. de Savigny, and M. Tanner, “Human benefits of animal interventions for zoonosis control,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 527–531, 2007.
- K. Bogel and F. X. Meslin, “Economics of human and canine rabies elimination: guidelines for programme orientation,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 281–291, 1990.
- M. Kaare, T. Lembo, K. Hampson et al., “Rabies control in rural Africa: evaluating strategies for effective domestic dog vaccination,” Vaccine, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 152–160, 2009.
- K. Le Roux, “Report to the international coordinating group of the WHO/Gates Foundation funded project on human rabies prevention through dog rabies control and eventual elimination. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania October 2010,” 2010.
- R. Estrada, A. Vos, R. De Leon, and T. Mueller, “Field trial with oral vaccination of dogs against rabies in the Philippines,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 1, 23, 2001.
- WHO, Oral vaccination of dogs against rabies. Guidance for research on oral rabies vaccines and field application of oral vaccination of dogs against rabies, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007.
- WHO, “Human and dog rabies prevention and control. Report of the WHO/Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Consultation. Annecy, France October 2009,” 2010.
- ICAM, “Humane dog population management guidance,” International Companion Animal Management Coalition, 2007.
- S. Cleaveland, M. Kaare, P. Tiringa, T. Mlengeya, and J. Barrat, “A dog rabies vaccination campaign in rural Africa: impact on the incidence of dog rabies and human dog-bite injuries,” Vaccine, vol. 21, no. 17-18, pp. 1965–1973, 2003.
- B. Dodet, A. Goswami, A. Gunasekera et al., “Rabies awareness in eight Asian countries,” Vaccine, vol. 26, no. 50, pp. 6344–6348, 2008.
- G. C. Matibag, Y. Ohbayashi, K. Kanda et al., “A pilot study on the usefulness of information and education campaign materials in enhancing the knowledge, attitude and practice on rabies in rural Sri Lanka,” Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 55–64, 2009.
- R. C. Brownson and D. E. Nelson, Communicating Public Health Information Effectively: A Guide for Practitioners, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 2002.
- NCI, Managing Health Communication Programs Work, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, USA, 2008.
- M. D. Slater, “Theory and method in health audience segmentation,” Journal of Health Communication, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 267–283, 1996.
- PRP, “Communication channels,” August 2010, http://www.rabiesblueprint.com/spip.php?article143.
- CDC, “Framework for program evaluation in public health,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 48, pp. 1–40, 1999.
- WHO, “Rabies elimination in South-East Asia. Report of a workshop. Colombo, Sri Lanka, November 2005,” World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi SEA-HLM-389, 2005.
- WSPA, “Humane and sustainable dog population management in Colombo; mid-project review June 2007—June 2010,” London, UK, 2010.
- ProMed-Mail, “Gianyar man dies of rabies,” ProMed, October 2010, http://www.promedmail.org/.
- WSPA, “Case study; Gianyar’s mass vaccination project,” London, UK, 2010.
- ARC, “Alliance for Rabies Control—Projects overview—Philippines,” August 2010, http://www.rabiescontrol.net/EN/Programs/Projects-Overview/philippines.html.
- WHO, “Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation fund WHO-coordinated project to control and eventually eliminate rabies in low-income countries,” October 2010, http://www.who.int/rabies/bmgf_who_project/en/index.html.
- S. Cleaveland, E. M. Fèvre, M. Kaare, and P. G. Coleman, “Estimating human rabies mortality in the United Republic of Tanzania from dog bite injuries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 304–310, 2002.
- S. Ly, P. Buchy, N. Y. Heng et al., “Rabies situation in Cambodia,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 3, no. 9, e511, 2009.
- M. Mallewa, A. R. Fooks, D. Banda et al., “Rabies encephalitis in malaria-endemic area, Malawi, Africa,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 136–139, 2007.
- K. Bogel and E. Motschwiller, “Incidence of rabies and post-exposure treatment in developing countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 883–887, 1986.
- S. Durr, R. Mindekem, Y. Kaninga et al., “Effectiveness of dog rabies vaccination programmes: comparison of owner-charged and free vaccination campaigns,” Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 137, no. 11, pp. 1558–1567, 2009.
- U. Kayali, R. Mindekem, G. Hutton, A. G. Ndoutamia, and J. Zinsstag, “Cost-description of a pilot parenteral vaccination campaign against rabies in dogs in N'Djaména, Chad,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1058–1065, 2006.
- R. L. Hu, A. R. Fooks, S. F. Zhang, Y. Liu, and F. Zhang, “Inferior rabies vaccine quality and low immunization coverage in dogs (Canis familiaris) in China,” Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 136, no. 11, pp. 1556–1563, 2008.
- M. J. Warrell, A. Riddell, L. M. Yu et al., “A simplified 4-site economical intradermal post-exposure rabies vaccine regimen: a randomised controlled comparison with standard methods,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 2, no. 4, e224, 2008.
- WHO, “Rabies vaccines: WHO position paper,” Weekly Epidemiological Record, vol. 85, pp. 309–320, 2010.
- T. Müller, B. Dietzschold, H. Ertl et al., “Development of a mouse monoclonal antibody cocktail for post-exposure rabies prophylaxis in humans,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 3, no. 11, e542, 2009.