Table 2: Surveillance studies identifying all species collected and analyzed that had cultures that were tested for Mycobacterium bovis in North America.

Common name Scientific name
Positive samples/total samples
Witmer et al. [89]O’Brien et al. [9]Bruning-Fann et al. [5]

Study dates2002–20041996–20031996–1999
 Black bear Ursus americanus 7/2141/42
 Badger Taxidea taxus 0/40/460/2
 Beaver Castor canadensis 0/61NANA
 Bobcat Felis rufus 0/34/570/8
 Coyote Canis latrans 0/218/3756/106
 Deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus 0/24NANA
 Domestic cat Felis catus 0/100/35NA
 Domestic dog Canis canis NA0/1NA
 Domestic rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus 0/1NANA
 Eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus 0/66NANA
 Eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus 0/41NANA
 E. gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis 0/26NANA
 Eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus 0/1NANA
 Fox squirrel Sciurus niger 0/17NANA
 Gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus 1/10/50/1
 House mouse Mus musculus 0/62NANA
 Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata NA0/1NA
 Meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius 0/7NANA
 Meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus 0/77NANA
 Mink Mustela vison NA0/5NA
 Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus 0/5NANA
 N. flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus 0/1NANA
 Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum 0/710/1NA
 Raccoon Procyon lotor 5/2038/3332/48
 Red fox Vulpes vulpes NA3/291/5
 Red squirrel Tamias striatus 0/58NANA
 Red-backed vole Clethrionomys gapperi 0/3NANA
 River otter Lutra canadensis NA0/10NA
 Snowshoe hare Lepus americanus 0/230/1NA
 S. bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi 0/1NANA
 S. flying squirrel Glaucomys volans 0/3NANA
 Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis 0/460/21NA
 13-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus 0/4NANA
 Virginia opossum Didelphis virginianus 4/1352/3790/54
 White-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus 0/66NANA
 White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus 0/2NANA
 Woodchuck Marmota monax 0/10NANA
 Woodland vole Microtus pinetorum 0/3NANA