About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 142962, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/142962
Research Article

Molecular Detection and Genotyping of Chlamydia psittaci in Captive Psittacines from Costa Rica

1Maestría en Enfermedades Tropicales, Posgrado Regional en Ciencias Veterinarias Tropicales, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, P.O. Box 86, 3000 Heredia, Costa Rica
2Laboratorio de Entomología y Medicina Poblacional, Programa MEDPOB, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, P.O. Box 86, 3000 Heredia, Costa Rica

Received 22 May 2013; Accepted 18 August 2013

Academic Editor: G. F. Browning

Copyright © 2013 Jessica Sheleby-Elías et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. van Lent, J. R. Piet, D. Beeckman et al., “Full genome sequences of all nine Chlamydia psittaci genotype reference strains,” Journal Bacteriology, vol. 194, no. 24, pp. 6930–6931, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. E. F. Kaleta and E. M. A. Taday, “Avian host range of Chlamydophila spp. based on isolation, antigen detection and serology,” Avian Pathology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 435–462, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. de Freitas Raso, Â. B. Júnior, and A. A. Pinto, “Evidence of Chlamydophila psittaci infection in captive Amazon parrots in Brazil,” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 118–121, 2002. View at Scopus
  4. A. Dovc, P. Dovc, D. Kese, K. Vlahović, M. Pavlak, and O. Zorman-Rojs, “Long-term study of Chlamydophilosis in Slovenia,” Veterinary Research Communications, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 23–36, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Dovc, D. Slavec, R. Lindtner-Knific et al., “The study of a Chlamydophila psittaci outbreak in budgerigars,” in Proceedings of the 5th Annual Workshop of COST Action 855 Animal Chlamydioses and Zoonotic Implications, Budapest, Hungary, December 2007.
  6. H. Gerlach, “Chlamydia,” in Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery, G. J. Harrison and L. R. Harrison, Eds., pp. 457–463, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1986.
  7. A. A. Andersen and D. Vanrompay, “Avian chlamydiosis (psittacosis, ornithosis),” in Diseases of Poultry, Y. M. Saif, H. J. Barnes, A. M. Fadly, J. R. Glisson, L. R. McDougald, and D. E. Swayne, Eds., pp. 863–887, State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 11th edition, 2003.
  8. D. Longbottom and L. J. Coulter, “Animal chlamydioses and zoonotic implications,” Journal of Comparative Pathology, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 217–244, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. A. Crosse, “Psittacosis: a clinical review,” Journal of Infection, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 251–259, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Gerbermann and M. Erber, “Nachweis von Chlamydia psittaci in Zellkulturen-eine Alternative zum Mäuseinfektionsversuch für die Routinediagnostik,” in IV DVG Tagung Vogelkrankheiten, pp. 92–100, Muenchen, Germany, 1985.
  11. D. Vanrompay, R. Ducatelle, and F. Haesebrouck, “Chlamydia psittaci infections: a review with emphasis on avian chlamydiosis,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 45, no. 2-3, pp. 93–119, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. M. Fudge, “A review of methods to detect Chlamydia psittaci in avian patients,” Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 153–165, 1997. View at Scopus
  13. A. Biendl and H. Gerbermann, “Latex-test als serologische Schnellmethode zur Diagnose von aviaeren Chlamydia Infektionen,” in Annual Meeting German Veterinary Medical Association, pp. 290–295, Muenchen, Germany, 1988.
  14. D. Thiele, “Capture ELISA/ELIFA zum Direktnachweis von Chlamydia psittaci unter Verwendung biotinylierter monoklonaler Antikörper,” in DVG-Tagung Fachgruppe Bakteriologie, pp. 251–258, Marburg, Germany, Mai-Juni 1990.
  15. J. B. Mahony, K. E. Luinstra, J. W. Sellors, and M. A. Chernesky, “Comparison of plasmid- and chromosome-based polymerase chain reaction assays for detecting Chlamydia trachomatis nucleic acids,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1753–1758, 1993. View at Scopus
  16. B. Kaltenböck, N. Schmeer, and R. Schneider, “Evidence for numerous omp1 alleles of porcine Chlamydia trachomatis and novel chlamydial species obtained by PCR,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1835–1841, 1997. View at Scopus
  17. K. Sachse, E. Vretou, M. Livingstone, N. Borel, A. Pospischil, and D. Longbottom, “Recent developments in the laboratory diagnosis of chlamydial infections,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 135, no. 1-2, pp. 2–21, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. N. Phalen, “Preventive medicine and screening,” in Clinical Avian Medicine, vol. 1, p. 578, Spix Publishing, Palm Beach, Fla, USA, 2006.
  19. I. Herrera, M. S. R. Khan, E. F. Kaleta, H. Müller, G. Dolz, and U. Neumann, “Serological status for Chlamydophila psittaci, Newcastle disease virus, avian polyoma virus, and pacheco disease virus in scarlet macaws (Ara macao) kept in captivity in Costa Rica,” Journal of Veterinary Medicine B, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 721–726, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Drews, “Mascotas silvestres en hogares ticos. Percepciones, actitudes y conocimientos,” Ambientico, vol. 103, pp. 12–13, 2002.
  21. D. Wayne, Bioestadística: base para el análisis de las ciencias de la salud, Limusa Wiley, Mexico City, México, 2nd edition, 2002.
  22. D. Theegarten, O. Anhenn, H. Hotzel et al., “A comparative ultrastructural and molecular biological study on Chlamydia psittaci infection in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and non-alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency emphysema versus lung tissue of patients with hamartochondroma,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 4, article 38, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. R. Heddema, S. Ter Sluis, J. A. Buys, C. M. J. E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls, J. H. van Wijnen, and C. E. Visser, “Prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci in fecal droppings from feral pigeons in Amsterdam, The Netherlands,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 4423–4425, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. A. Hall, “BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT,” Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, vol. 41, pp. 95–98, 1999.
  25. K. Tamura, D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei, and S. Kumar, “MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2731–2739, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. H. A. Sneath and R. R. Sokal, Numerical Taxonomy: The Principles and Practice of Numerical Classification, Freeman, San Francisco, Fla, USA, 1973.
  27. J. Felsenstein, “Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap,” Evolution, vol. 39, pp. 783–791, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. T. H. Jukes and C. R. Cantor, “Evolution of protein molecules,” in Mammalian Protein Metabolism, N. Munro, Ed., pp. 21–132, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1969.
  29. K. Sachse, K. Laroucau, H. Hotzel, E. Schubert, R. Ehricht, and P. Slickers, “Genotyping of Chlamydophila psittaci using a new DNA microarray assay based on sequence analysis of ompA genes,” BMC Microbiology, vol. 8, article 63, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Y. X. Zhang, S. G. Morrison, H. D. Caldwell, and W. Baehr, “Cloning and sequence analysis of the major outer membrane protein genes of two Chlamydia psittaci strains,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1621–1625, 1989. View at Scopus
  31. A. A. Andersen, “Comparison of pharyngeal, fecal, and cloacal samples for the isolation of Chlamydia psittaci from experimentally infected cockatiels and turkeys,” Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 448–450, 1996. View at Scopus
  32. T. G. Wreghitt and C. E. D. Taylor, “Incidence of respiratory tract chlamydial infections and importation of psittacine birds,” Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8585, p. 582, 1988. View at Scopus
  33. E. R. Heddema, E. J. van Hannen, B. Duim et al., “An outbreak of psittacosis due to Chlamydophila psittaci genotype A in a veterinary teaching hospital,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 1571–1575, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. R. Heddema, E. J. van Hannen, B. Duim, C. M. J. E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls, and Y. Pannekoek, “Genotyping of Chlamydophila psittaci in human samples,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1989–1990, 2006. View at Scopus
  35. “Conservation law of wildlife, law number 7317,” Gaceta, vol. 235, 1992.