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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 826834, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/826834
Research Article

Epidemiological Study of Animal Leptospirosis in New Caledonia

1Groupe de Travail en Epidémiologie Animale du Service de Santée des Armées, Antenne Vétérinaire de Toulon, BCMR BP 95, 83800 Toulon Cedex 9, France
2Direction Interarmées du Service de Santée des Forces Armées en Nouvelle Calédonie, 98846 Nouméa Cedex, France
3Antenne Vétérinaire de Paris, 1 Place Joffre, 75700 Paris SP 07, France
4Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, I.H.U. Méditerranée Infection, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France
5Laboratoire des Leptospires, VetAgro Sup, Campus Vétérinaire de Lyon, 1 Avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy-l'Étoile, France

Received 19 October 2012; Revised 9 January 2013; Accepted 29 January 2013

Academic Editor: Ingo Nolte

Copyright © 2013 Cédric Roqueplo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease in the world and a real public health concern for many years in New Caledonia. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on domestic and wild animals from New Caledonia in April 2009. Blood samples were collected from 30 cattle, 29 deers, (Cervus timorensis russa), 25 horses, 51 dogs, and 8 cats and were tested for 23 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira species by the microscopic agglutination test. From the total number of 143 samples, 84 (58.7%) were found to be positive towards one or several serovars of pathogenic leptospires. According to the species, the positive sera were obtained from 43% of 30 cattle, 72% of 29 Rusa deer, 80% of 25 horses, and 43% of 51 dogs, and fromall of the 8 cats tested. This study shows the broad dispersion and the high prevalence of the different serogroups of pathogenic Leptospira species tested, particularly among deer and horses. The disease is endemic in domestic animals and concerns all the species.