About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 374613, 5 pages
Research Article

Prevalence of Dermatological Presentations of Canine Leishmaniasis in a Nonendemic Area: A Retrospective Study of 100 Dogs

Dipartimento di Scienze Animali Per la Salute, la Produzione Animale e la Sicurezza Alimentare, University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy

Received 31 October 2013; Accepted 19 December 2013; Published 5 February 2014

Academic Editor: Jyoji Yamate

Copyright © 2014 Roberta Perego et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Baneth, A. F. Koutinas, L. Solano-Gallego, P. Bourdeau, and L. Ferrer, “Canine leishmaniosis: new concepts and insights on an expanding zoonosis: part one,” Trends in Parasitology, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 324–330, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. A. Petersen and S. C. Barr, “Canine leishmaniasis in North America: emerging or newly recognized?” Veterinary Clinics of North America, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1065–1074, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Baneth, “Leismaniasis,” in Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat, C. E. Greene, Ed., pp. 685–698, .B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 2006.
  4. P. Ciaramella, G. Oliva, R. De Luna et al., “A retrospective clinical study of canine leishmaniasis in 150 dogs naturally infected by Leishmania infantum,” Veterinary Record, vol. 141, no. 21, pp. 539–543, 1997. View at Scopus
  5. A. F. Koutinas, Z. S. Polizopoulou, M. N. Saridomichelakis, D. Argyriadis, A. Fytianou, and K. G. Plevraki, “Clinical considerations on canine visceral leishmaniasis in Greece: a retrospective study of 158 cases (1989–1996),” Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 376–383, 1999. View at Scopus
  6. M. T. Peña, X. Roura, and M. G. Davidson, “Ocular and periocular manifestations of leishmaniasis in dogs: 105 cases (1993–1998),” Veterinary Ophthalmology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 35–41, 2000. View at Scopus
  7. L. Ferrer, R. M. Rabanal, M. Domingo, J. A. Ramos, and D. Fondevila, “Identification of Leishmania donovani amastigotes in canine tissues by immunoperoxidase staining,” Research in Veterinary Science, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 194–196, 1988. View at Scopus
  8. A. F. Koutinas, D. W. Scott, V. Kontos, and S. Lekkas, “Skin lesions in canine leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar): a clinical and histopathological study on 22 spontaneous cases in Greece,” Veterinary Dermatology, vol. 3, pp. 121–130, 1993.
  9. P. Denerolle, “Leishmaniose canine : difficultés du diagnostic et du traitement (125 cas),” Pratique Medicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 137–145, 1996. View at Scopus
  10. L. Ferrer, R. Rabanal, D. Fondevila, J. A. Ramos, and M. Domingo, “Skin lesions in canine leishmaniasis,” Journal of Small Animal Practice, vol. 29, pp. 381–388, 1988.
  11. R. R. de Ybáñez, L. del Río, C. Martínez-Carrasco et al., “Questionnaire survey on Canine Leishmaniosis in southeastern Spain,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 164, no. 2–4, pp. 124–133, 2009.
  12. M. N. Saridomichelakis, “Advances in the pathogenesis of canine leishmaniosis: epidemiologic and diagnostic implications,” Veterinary Dermatology, vol. 20, no. 5-6, pp. 471–489, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. J. Slappendel, “Canine leishmaniasis: a review based on 95 cases in The Netherlands,” Veterinary Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1988. View at Scopus
  14. E. Vidor, J. Dereure, F. Pratlong et al., “Le chancre d’inoculation dans la leishmaniose canine à Leishmania infantum. Étude d’une cohorte en région cévenole,” Pratiques Médicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie, vol. 26, pp. 133–137, 1991.
  15. A. Blavier, S. Keroack, P. Denerolle et al., “Atypical forms of Canine leishmaniosis,” Veterinary Journal, vol. 162, no. 2, pp. 108–120, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Ordeix, L. Solano-Gallego, D. Fondevila, L. Ferrer, and A. Fondati, “Papular dermatitis due to Leishmania spp. infection in dogs with parasite-specific cellular immune responses,” Veterinary Dermatology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 187–191, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Moll, “Epidermal Langerhans cells are critical for immunoregulation of cutaneous leishmaniasis,” Immunology Today, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 383–387, 1993. View at Scopus
  18. M. Kemp, T. G. Theander, and A. Kharazmi, “The contrasting roles of CD4+ T cells in intracellular infections in humans: leishmaniasis as an example,” Immunology Today, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 13–16, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. I. Papadogiannakis, A. F. Koutinas, M. N. Saridomichelakis et al., “Cellular immunophenotyping of exfoliative dermatitis in canine leishmaniosis (Leishmania infantum),” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 104, no. 3-4, pp. 227–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Fondevila, M. Vilafranca, and L. Ferrer, “Epidermal immunocompetence in canine leishmaniasis,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 56, no. 3-4, pp. 319–327, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. “Scalibor,” http://www.scalibor.it/Leishmaniasis/ScaliborMap.asp.
  22. L. Solano-Gallego, G. Mirá, A. Koutinas et al., “LeishVet guidelines for the practical management of canine leishmaniosis,” Parasites and Vectors, vol. 4, no. 1, article 86, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. P. Cabassu, P. Gerrais, and A. Seguret, “Manifestations cliniques de la leishmaniose canine,” Pratique Médicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie, vol. 23, supplement 5, pp. 29–34, 1988.