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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 429495, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/429495
Research Article

Preliminary Study of the Influence of Red Blood Cells Size on the Determinism of the Breed in Cattle

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of El-Hadj Lakhdar, 05000 Batna, Algeria
2Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of Mohamed BOUDIAF, 28000 M’sila, Algeria
3Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mohamed Cherif Messaadia, 41000 Souk Ahras, Algeria

Received 8 November 2013; Revised 28 December 2013; Accepted 29 December 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editor: Kazim Sahin

Copyright © 2014 Nezar Adili et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study was carried out on five cattle groups, local, cross, Prim’Holstein, Montbeliard, and Brown of the Alps, in order to study the influence of breed on erythrocytes diameter. For each breed, blood samples were taken from 15 adult females by jugular venipuncture; blood smears were made on slides immediately after the blood collection and stained according to the method of May-Gründwald Giemsa. Morphometric study was realized using the OPTIKA Pro Vision software. The statistical analysis was assessed by using the descriptive boxplots test and ANOVA. The size of red blood cells is greater in the imported Brown of the Alps breed (5,32 ± 0,19) and also in our local breed (5,23 ± 0,10), whereas they were smaller in the Montbeliard breed (4,79 ± 0,21). This investigation allowed us to show that from a drop of blood we can have an idea of the bovine breeds, taking into account the size of the erythrocytes.