Table 4: Estimated costs and returns budget for vendors (wholesalers) under the following assumptions. (1) Vendors purchased nonsorted peanut and do no sort before marketing. (2) Vendors purchased nonsorted peanut and sort before marketing. (3) Vendors purchased sorted peanut at a higher price and do not sort before marketing.
 Wholesalers Retailers Unit Value Value Value Value Value Value Unshelled peanut kg 5,500 5,225 5,500 4,500 4,275 4,500 Price \$ 0.147 0.15 0.15 0.168 0.17 0.17 Revenue \$ 808.5 783.8 825.0 756.0 726.8 765.0 Variable costs Quantity purchased kg 5,500 5,500 5,500 4,500 4,500 4,500 Price \$ 0.105 0.105 \$0.126 0.11 0.11 0.13 Purchasing costs \$ 577.5 577.5 \$693.0 495.0 495.0 585.0 Labor hour hour 28.5 54.0 28.5 68.5 87.0 68.5 Labor costs \$ 7.63 20.63 7.63 34.5 43.75 34.5 Material and equipment \$ 28.89 27.84 28.89 23.63 22.58 23.63 Total variable costs \$ 614.0 626.0 729.5 553.1 561.3 643.1 Income above variable costs \$ 194.48 157.8 95.5 202.9 165.4 121.9 Fixed costs Repair and maintenance \$ 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 Depreciation equipment \$ 1.13 1.13 1.13 1.23 1.21 1.23 Total fixed costs \$ 2.13 2.13 2.13 3.73 3.71 3.73 Total costs \$ 616.2 628.1 731.7 556.9 565.0 646.9 Net returns \$ 192.4 155.7 93.4 199.1 161.7 118.1 Break-even price (per kg sold) To cover variable expenses \$ 0.111 0.12 0.133 0.118 0.126 0.139 To cover total expenses \$ 0.112 0.12 0.133 0.119 0.127 0.14
Peanut is sold to vendors at the farm gate price, which is 50 FCFA per kg (\$0.105).
Wholesalers are vendors selling unshelled peanut in local and neighbors’ villages at 70 FCFA (\$0.147) per kg.
Retailers are vendors who sell only shelled nuts; price of shelled peanut is higher than the unshelled nuts: 80 FCFA (\$0.168) per kg.
In the third case , the purchased cost of 1 kg of peanut already sorted is 60 FCFA = \$0.126.
Material and equipment are considered as variable costs because they are renewed every year.