Table 1: Sociodemographic characteristics of children ( ).

Characteristic %

Gender
 Male3366
  Female1734

Race/ethnicity
  Hispanica3468
 African American/Black918
 Hispanic & African American/Black612
 Other race (Indian)12

Asthma controlb
 Well controlled816
 Not well controlled2142
 Very poorly controlled2142

Diagnosed with seasonal allergiesc3672

Diagnosed with eczemac1122

Have been evaluated by a pulmonologist1734

Have been evaluated by an allergist918

Single-parent household1938

Parental level of education
 Less than high school1428
 Graduated high school1530
 1–3 years of college1530
 4 years of college or more612

Data in table have been obtained by parental self-report unless noted otherwise.
aHispanic is asked as ethnicity rather than race question as per United States Census Bureau criteria [19].
bAsthma control was assessed as per National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and management of Asthma [14].
Well-controlled asthma: Symptoms ≤ 2 days/week; nighttime awakenings ≤1x/month; interference with normal activity—None; short-acting beta2-agonist use for symptom control ≤ 2 days/week; exacerbations requiring oral systemic corticosteroids 0-1/year.
Not-well controlled asthma: Symptoms >2 days/week; nighttime awakenings >1x/month; Interference with normal activity—Some limitation; short-acting beta2-agonist use for symptom control >2 days/week; exacerbations requiring oral systemic corticosteroids 2-3/year.
Very poorly controlled asthma: Symptoms—throughout the day; nighttime awakenings >1x/week; interference with normal activity—extremely limited; short-acting beta2-agonist use for symptom control—several times per day; exacerbations requiring oral systemic corticosteroids >3/year.
cData obtained by medical record review.