Journal of Ceramics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 526434, 8 pages
Research Article

Preparation and Characterization of Nano-Cadmium Ferrite

1Reactor Physics Department, Nuclear Research Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, P.O. Box 13759, Cairo, Egypt
2Nuclear Chemistry Department, Hot Laboratories Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, P.O. Box 13759, Cairo, Egypt

Received 2 October 2012; Revised 21 December 2012; Accepted 4 January 2013

Academic Editor: Young-Wook Kim

Copyright © 2013 S. M. Ismail et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nano-hematite (α-Fe2O3) and nano-cadmium ferrite (CdFe2O4) are prepared using template-assisted sol-gel method. The prepared samples are analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Mössbauer spectroscopy techniques for structural and microstructural studies. Nano-α-Fe2O3 with particle size ~60 nm is formed at 500°C, while nano-CdFe2O4 with smaller particle size (~40 nm) is formed at 600°C. It is found that with a simple sol-gel process we can prepare nano-CdFe2O4 with better conditions than other methods: pure phase at lower sintering temperature and time (economic point) and of course with a smaller particle size. So, based on the obtained experimental results, a proposed theoretical model is made to explain the link between the use of the sol-gel process and the formation of nano-CdFe2O4 as a pure phase at low temperature. This model is based on a simple magnetostatic interaction between the formed nuclei within the solution leading to the formation of the stable phase at low temperature.