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Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2009, Article ID 309024, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/309024
Research Article

CMB Temperature Polarization Correlation and Primordial Gravitational Waves: WMAP5

1Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2Astronomy Unit, School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK

Received 18 November 2008; Revised 29 December 2008; Accepted 2 February 2009

Academic Editor: William Reach

Copyright © 2009 N. J. Miller et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

we continue our study of the CMB temperature polarization (TE) cross-correlation as a source of information about primordial gravitational waves (PGWs). In a previous paper, we considered two methods for detecting PGWs using the TE cross-correlation. The first method is the zero multipole method, where we find the multipole, , where the TE cross-correlation power spectrum, , first changes sign. The second method Wiener filters the CMB TE data to remove the density perturbation contribution to the TE power spectrum. We then use statistical tests to determine if there is a detection of negative residual TE correlation and hence a detection of primordial gravitational waves, the only source of negative TE correlation at these superhorizon scales. In this paper, we will apply these tests to the WMAP 5-year data. We find that the TE power spectrum consistent with < 2.0 at 95% confidence with no additional assumptions about the PGWs. If we assume that the PGWs are generated by inflation, then we get < 1.0 at 95% confidence.