Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2009, Article ID 752439, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/752439
Review Article

Modified Newtonian Dynamics: A Falsification of Cold Dark Matter

Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands

Received 24 February 2009; Accepted 11 August 2009

Academic Editor: Kenneth Freeman

Copyright © 2009 R. H. Sanders. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Milgrom, “A modification of the Newtonian dynamics as a possible alternative to the hidden mass hypothesis,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 270, pp. 365–370, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. R. B. Tully and J. R. Fisher, “A new method of determining distances to galaxies,” Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 661–673, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  3. W. J. G. de Blok and S. S. McGaugh, “Testing modified newtonian dynamics with low surface brightness galaxies: rotation curve fits,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 508, no. 1, pp. 132–140, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. S. Mcgaugh, J. M. Schombert, G. D. Bothun, and W. J. G. de Blok, “The baryonic tully-fisher relation,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 533, no. 2, part 2, pp. L99–L102, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. H. Sanders and M. A. W. Verheijen, “Rotation curves of Ursa major galaxies in the context of modified newtonian dynamics,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 503, no. 1, pp. 97–108, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. P. Ostriker and P. J. E. Peebles, “A numerical study of the stability of flattened galaxies: or, can cold galaxies survive?” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 186, pp. 467–480, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. K. C. Freeman, “On the disks of spiral and so galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 160, p. 811, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. R. J. Allen and F. H. Shu, “The extrapolated central surface brightness of galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 227, no. 2, pp. 67–72, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. A. H. Broeils, , Ph.D. dissertation, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, 1992.
  10. K. G. Begeman, “HI rotation curves of spiral galaxies,” Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol. 223, pp. 47–60, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Casertano and J. H. van Gorkom, “Declining rotation curves: the end of a conspiracy?” Astronomical Journal, vol. 101, no. 4, pp. 1231–1241, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. K. G. Begeman, A. H. Broeils, and R. H. Sanders, “Extended rotationcurves of spiral galaxies: dark haloes and modified dynamics,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 249, pp. 523–537, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  13. M. Milgrom, “Isothermal spheres in the modified dynamics,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 287, pp. 571–576, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S. M. Faber and R. E. Jackson, “Velocity dispersions and mass-to-light ratios for elliptical galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 204, pp. 668–683, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. H. Sanders and S. S. McGaugh, “Modified Newtonian dynamics as an alternative to dark matter,” Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 40, pp. 263–317, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. W. J. G. de Blok, F. Walter, E. Brinks, C. Trachternach, S.-H. Oh, and R. C. Kennicutt, “High-resolution rotation curves and galaxy mass models from things,” Astronomical Journal, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 2648–2719, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. E. F. Bell and R. S. de Jong, “Stellar mass-to-light ratios and the Tully-Fisher relation,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 550, no. 1, pp. 212–229, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. R. A. Swaters, , Ph.D. dissertation, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, 1999.
  19. R. Sancisi, in IAU Symposium 222, D. J. Ryder, Ed.
  20. M. Kaplinghat and M. Turner, “How cold dark matter theory explains Milgrom's law,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 569, no. 1, pp. L19–L22, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Milgrom, “Do modified Newtonian dynamics follow from the cold dark matter paradigm?” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 571, no. 2, pp. L81–L83, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. F. Zwicky, “Die Rotverschiebung von extragalaktischen Nebeln,” Helvetica Physica Acta, vol. 6, pp. 110–127, 1933. View at Google Scholar
  23. R. H. Sanders, “The virial discrepancy in clusters of galaxies in the context of modified Newtonian dynamics,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 512, no. 1, pp. L23–L26, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Aguirre, J. Schaye, and E. Quataert, “Problems for modified Newtonian dynamics in clusters and the Lyα forest?” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 561, no. 2, pp. 550–558, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. H. Sanders, “Clusters of galaxies with modified Newtonian dynamics,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 342, no. 3, pp. 901–908, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. R. H. Sanders, “A tensor-vector-scalar framework for modified dynamics and cosmic dark matter,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 363, no. 2, pp. 459–468, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. R. H. Sanders, “The fundamental plane of elliptical galaxies with modified Newtonian dynamics,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 313, no. 4, pp. 767–774, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. J. E. Felten, “Milgrom's revision of Newton's laws: dynamical and cosmological consequences,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 286, pp. 3–6, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. J. D. Bekenstein and M. Milgrom, “Does the missing mass problem signal the breakdown of Newtonian gravity?” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 286, pp. 7–14, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. J. D. Bekenstein, in Proceedings of the 2nd Canadian Conference on General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics, A. Coley, C. Dyer, and T. Tupper, Eds., p. 487, World Scientific, Singapore, 1988.
  31. R. H. Sanders, “A stratified framework for scalar-tensor theories of modified dynamics,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 480, no. 2, pp. 492–502, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. J. D. Bekenstein, “Relativistic gravitation theory for the modified Newtonian dynamics paradigm,” Physical Review D, vol. 70, no. 8, Article ID 083509, 28 pages, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. M. Milgrom, “Dynamics with a nonstandard inertia-acceleration relation: an alternative to dark matter in galactic systems,” Annals of Physics, vol. 229, no. 2, pp. 384–415, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. M. Milgrom, “The modified dynamics as a vacuum effect,” Physics Letters A, vol. 253, no. 5-6, pp. 273–279, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia and Y. Nir, “Neutrino masses and mixing: evidence and implications,” Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 345–402, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Perlmutter, G. Aldering, G. Goldhaber et al., “Measurements of Ω and Λ from 42 high-redshift Supernovae,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 517, no. 2, pp. 565–586, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. D. N. Spergel, L. Verde, H. V. Peiris et al., “First-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: determination of cosmological parameters,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 175–194, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. C. Deffayet, “Cosmology on a brane in Minkowski bulk,” Physics Letters B, vol. 502, no. 1–4, pp. 199–208, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. S. M. Carroll, V. Duvvuri, M. Trodden, and M. S. Turner, “Is cosmic speed-up due to new gravitational physics?” http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0306438.
  40. R. H. Sanders, “The formation of cosmic structure with modified Newtonian dynamics,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 560, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. A. Nusser, “Modified Newtonian dynamics of large-scale structure,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 331, no. 4, pp. 909–916, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. C. Skordis, D. F. Mota, P. G. Ferreira, and C. Boehm, “Large scale structure in bekenstein's theory of relativistic modified Newtonian dynamics,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 96, no. 1, Article ID 011301, 4 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. J. D. Anderson, P. A. Laing, E. L. Lau, A. S. Liu, M. M. Nieto, and S. G. Turyshev, “Indication, from pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses data, of an apparent anomalous, weak, long-range acceleration,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 81, no. 14, pp. 2858–2861, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar