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Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2010, Article ID 784141, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/784141
Research Article

Wide and Fast: Monitoring the Sky in Subsecond Domain with the FAVOR and TORTORA Cameras

1Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnij Arkhys, 369167, Russia
2Institute for Precise Instrumentation, Nizhnij Arkhys, 369167, Russia
3Astronomy Department, Bologna University, Bologna 40126, Italy

Received 29 June 2009; Accepted 1 December 2009

Academic Editor: Lorraine Hanlon

Copyright © 2010 Sergey Karpov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In order to detect and investigate short stochastic optical flares from a number of variable astrophysical objects (GRBs, SNe, flare stars, CVs, X-Ray binaries) of unknown localizations as well as near-earth objects (NEOs), both natural and artificial, it is necessary to perform the systematic monitoring of large regions of the sky with high temporal resolution. Here we discuss the criteria for a system that is able to perform such a task and describe two cameras we created for wide-field monitoring with high temporal resolution—FAVOR and TORTORA. Also, we describe basic principles of real-time data processing for the high frame rates needed to achieve subsecond temporal resolution on a typical hardware.