Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Astronomy
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 939146, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/939146
Research Article

Influence of the Atmospheric Mass on the High Energy Cosmic Ray Muons during a Solar Cycle

1National Centre for Applied Physics, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia
2Physics and Astronomy Department, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2454, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Received 22 February 2015; Accepted 10 May 2015

Academic Editor: William Reach

Copyright © 2015 A. H. Maghrabi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Bercovitch, “Atmospheric effects on cosmic ray monitors,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on on Cosmic Rays, pp. 269–344, Calgary, Canada, 1967.
  2. H. S. Ahluwalia, “Galactic cosmic ray intensity variations at a high latitude sea level site 1937–1994,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 102, no. A11, pp. 24229–24236, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  3. L. I. Dorman, Cosmic Rays, Variations and Space Exploration, North-Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2004.
  4. M. Berkova, R. Clay, E. Eroshenko, and V. Yanke, “Atmospheric Variations as observed by Adelaide and Buckland Park muon telescopes,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Cosmic Ray, pp. 230–234, Rio De Janero, Brazil, 2013.
  5. A. V. Belov and L. I. Dorman, “Dependence of cosmic ray barometer effect on primary variation spectrum,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Cosmic Rays, vol. 4, pp. 310–314, Kyoto, Japan, 1979.
  6. C. V. Harman and C. J. Hatton, “Contributions to the counting rate and the temperature dependence of neutron monitors,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. S1052–S1056, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. A. Forman, “Neutron monitor mass absorption coefficients at Chicago and climax during solar cycle 19 (1954–1963),” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 2469–2473, 1965. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. L. I. Dorman, O. G. Rogava, and L. K. H. Shatashvili, “Planetary distribution of cosmic ray neutron component barometric coefficients during IQSY,” Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 166–167, 1968. View at Google Scholar
  9. D. H. Loughridge and P. F. Gast, “Further investigations of the air mass effect on cosmic-ray intensity,” Physical Review, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 583–585, 1940. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. K. Griffiths, C. V. Harman, C. J. Hatton, and P. Ryder, “Studies of the barometric coefficients of IGY and NM-64 neutron monitors,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Cosmic Rays, pp. 475–477, London, UK, 1965.
  11. W. K. Griffiths, C. V. Harman, C. J. Hatton, P. L. Marsden, and P. Ryder, “The intensity variations of selected multiplicities in the Leeds NM64 neutron monitor,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 46, pp. S1044–S1047, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. T. T. Quang, A. G. Fenton, and K. B. Fenton, “Effect of the muon contribution on the barometric coefficient of neutron monitors,” Astronomical Society of Australia, vol. 2, no. 5, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  13. R. C. López and J. F. Valdés-Galicia, “Variations in cosmic radiation intensity associated with the barometric effect,” Geofisica Internacional, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 135–137, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Kusunose, “Year-to-year variation in the barometer coefficient of cosmic ray neutron monitor located at high latitude,” Memoirs of the Faculty of Science Kochi University Series B, vol. 5, pp. 15–20, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  15. M. Kusunose, N. Ogita, and S. Yoshida, “Examination of the barometric coefficients of neutron monitor data,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Cosmic Ray Conference, vol. 10, pp. 281–284, Paris, France, 1981.
  16. A. Chilingarian, T. Karapetyan, and B. Mailyan, “Calculation of the barometric coefficients for the particle detectors belonging to the world-wide networks at the start of the 24th Solar Activity cycle,” in Proceedings of the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, Łodz, Poland, 2009.
  17. A. H. Maghrabi, H. Al Harbi, Z. A. Al-Mostafa, M. N. Kordi, and S. M. Al-Shehri, “The KACST muon detector and its application to cosmic-ray variations studies,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 700–711, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. H. Maghrabi, H. H. Alharbi, A. S. Alghamdi, A. A. Alwaheeb, and M. M. Almuteri, “Cosmic ray detectors for variation studies and outreach programs in Saudi Arabia,” in Proceedings of the 33th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC '13), Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, July 2013.
  19. A. H. Maghrabi, A. S. Alghamdi, R. Alotaibi, M. Almutari, and M. S. Garawi, “On the calibration of a single channel cosmic ray particle detector,” in High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, vol. 9154 of Proceedings of SPIE, 91542K, July 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Alghamdi, A. H. Maghrabi, and M. M. Almutari, “Designing and constructing of a two scintillator crystal rotatable telescope for muon flux variation studies,” in High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, vol. 9154 of Proceedings of SPIE, Montreal, Canada, July 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. R. R. S. De Mendonça, J.-P. Raulin, F. C. P. Bertoni, E. Echer, V. S. Makhmutov, and G. Fernandez, “Long-term and transient time variation of cosmic ray fluxes detected in Argentina by CARPET cosmic ray detector,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 73, no. 11-12, pp. 1410–1416, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Kawasaki, “On the anomalous barometer coefficient of cosmic-ray neutron monitor at Mt. Norikura,” Scientific Papers of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, vol. 66, pp. 25–32, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  23. K. Kudela and M. Storini, “Cosmic ray variability and geomagnetic activity: a statistical study,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 907–912, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Kudela, K. A. Firoz, R. Langer, and V. Kollár, “On diurnal variation of cosmic rays: statistical study of neutron monitor data including Lomnicky stit,” in Proceedings of the 21st European Cosmic Ray Symposium (ECRS '08), pp. 374–378, Košice, Slovakia, 2008.
  25. S. Kumar, R. Agarwal, R. Mishra, and S. K. Dubey, “Daily variation in cosmic ray intensity on different geomagnetic conditions,” International Journal of Modern Physics D, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1243–1253, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Kusunose and N. Ogita, “On the solar cycle variation in the barometer coefficients of high latitude neutron monitors,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Cosmic Ray Conference, vol. 5, pp. 305–308, La Jolla, Calif, USA, 1985.
  27. S. M. Lapointe and D. C. Rose, “A statistical analysis of the barometer coefficients cosmic-ray intensities,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 40, pp. 687–697, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Kawasaki, “Free air pressure reduced from radiosonde data for the correction of cosmic ray barometer effect,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Cosmic Ray Conference, vol. 4, pp. 263–265, Kyoto, Japan, 1979.