Research Article | Open Access

# Some Embeddings into the Morrey and Modified Morrey Spaces Associated with the Dunkl Operator

**Academic Editor:**Ağacik Zafer

#### Abstract

We consider the generalized shift operator, associated with the Dunkl operator , . We study some embeddings into the Morrey space (-Morrey space) , and modified Morrey space (modified -Morrey space) associated with the Dunkl operator on . As applications we get boundedness of the fractional maximal operator , , associated with the Dunkl operator (fractional -maximal operator) from the spaces to for and from the spaces to for .

#### 1. Introduction

On the real line, the Dunkl operators are differential-difference operators introduced in 1989 by Dunkl [1] and are denoted by , where is a real parameter . These operators are associated with the reflection group on . Rösler in [2] shows that the Dunkl kernel verifies a product formula. This allows us to define the Dunkl translations , .

In the theory of partial differential equations, together with weighted spaces, Morrey spaces play an important role. Morrey spaces were introduced by Morrey in 1938 in connection with certain problems in elliptic partial differential equations and calculus of variations (see [3]). Later, Morrey spaces found important applications to Navier-Stokes [4, 5] and Schrödinger [6–8] equations, elliptic problems with discontinuous coefficients [9, 10], and potential theory [11–13]. An exposition of the Morrey spaces can be found in the book [14].

In the present work, we study some embeddings into the -Morrey and modified -Morrey spaces. As applications we give boundedness of the fractional -maximal operator in the -Morrey and modified -Morrey spaces.

The paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we present some definitions and auxiliary results. In Section 3, we give some embeddings into the -Morrey and modified -Morrey spaces. In Section 4, we prove the boundedness of the fractional -maximal operator from the spaces to for and from the spaces to for .

#### 2. Preliminaries

On the real line, we consider the first-order differential-difference operator defined by

which is called the Dunkl operator. For , the Dunkl kernel on was introduced by Dunkl in [1] (see also [15–17]) and is given by

where is the normalized Bessel function of the first kind and order [18], defined by

The Dunkl kernel is the unique analytic solution on of the initial problem for the Dunkl operator (see [1]).

Let be the weighted Lebesgue measure on given by

For every , we denote by the spaces of complex-valued functions , measurable on such that

For we denote by the weak spaces defined as the set of locally integrable functions , with the finite norm

Note that

For all , we put

where

and is the Bessel kernel given by

where and .

In the sequel we consider the signed measure , on , given by

For and being a continuous function on , the Dunkl translation operator is given by

Using the change of variable , we have also (see [2])

where and .

Proposition 2.1 (see Soltani [16]). *For all the operator extends to , and we have for ,
*

Let , and , where . For (the space of locally integrable functions on ), we consider

Theorem 2.2 (see [19]). *
() If , then for every **
where is independent of .**
(2) If , , then and **
where is independent of .*

Corollary 2.3. *If , then
**
for a.e. .*

#### 3. Some Embeddings into the -Morrey and Modified -Morrey Spaces

*Definition 3.1 (see [20]). *Let , , and , . We denote by Morrey space ( -Morrey space) and by the modified Morrey space ( modified -Morrey space), associated with the Dunkl operator as the set of locally integrable functions , with the finite norms
respectively.

If or , then , where is the set of all functions equivalent to on .

Note that

*Definition 3.2 (see [19]). *Let , . We denote by the weak -Morrey space and by the modified weak -Morrey space as the set of locally integrable functions , with finite norms
respectively.

We note that

Lemma 3.3 (see [20]). *Let . Then
*

Lemma 3.4. *Let , . Then
*

*Proof. *Let . Then by (3.3) we have

Let . Then

Therefore, and the embedding is valid.

Thus .

From Lemmas 3.3 and 3.4 for , we have

Lemma 3.5. *Let . Then
*

*Proof. *The embedding is a consequence of Hölder's inequality and Proposition 2.1. Indeed,

On the -Morrey spaces, the following embedding is valid.

Lemma 3.6 (see [20]). *Let and . Then for **
where .*

On the modified -Morrey spaces, the following embedding is valid.

Lemma 3.7. *Let and . Then for *

*Proof. *Let , , and . By the Hölder's inequality, we have

Note that

Therefore, and

#### 4. Some Applications

In this section, using the results of Section 3, we get the boundedness of the fractional -maximal operator in the -Morrey and modified -Morrey spaces.

For we define the fractional maximal functions

In the case , we denote by . Note that .

Lemma 4.1. *Let , and . Then and the following equality
**
is valid.*

*Proof. *

Taking in Lemma 4.1 and using Lemma 3.3, we get for the following result.

Corollary 4.2. *Let . Then
*

Lemma 4.3. *Let , and . Then and the following equality
**
is valid.*

Corollary 4.4. *Let and . Then the operator is bounded from to for . Moreover,
*

Corollary 4.5. * . Then the operator is bounded from to for . Moreover,
*

#### Acknowledgment

The authors express their thank to the referees for careful reading, helpful comments and suggestions on the manuscript of this paper.

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2010 Emin V. Guliyev and Yagub Y. Mammadov. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.