Research Article | Open Access

Stevo SteviΔ, Ajay K. Sharma, S. D. Sharma, "Weighted Composition Operators from Weighted Bergman Spaces to Weighted-Type Spaces on the Upper Half-Plane", *Abstract and Applied Analysis*, vol. 2011, Article ID 989625, 10 pages, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/989625

# Weighted Composition Operators from Weighted Bergman Spaces to Weighted-Type Spaces on the Upper Half-Plane

**Academic Editor:**Narcisa C. Apreutesei

#### Abstract

Let be a holomorphic mapping on the upper half-plane and be a holomorphic self-map of . We characterize bounded weighted composition operators acting from the weighted Bergman space to the weighted-type space on the upper half-plane. Under a mild condition on , we also characterize the compactness of these operators.

#### 1. Introduction and Preliminaries

Let be the upper half-plane, a domain in or , and the space of all holomorphic functions on . Let , and let be a holomorphic self-map of . Then by is defined a linear operator on which is called weighted composition operator. If , then becomes composition operator and is denoted by , and if , then becomes multiplication operator and is denoted by .

During the past few decades, composition operators and weighted composition operators have been studied extensively on spaces of holomorphic functions on various domains in or (see, e.g., [1β22] and the references therein). There are many reasons for this interest, for example, it is well known that the surjective isometries of Hardy and Bergman spaces are certain weighted composition operators (see [23, 24]). For some other operators related to weighted composition operators, see [25β30] and the references therein.

While there is a vast literature on composition and weighted composition operators between spaces of holomorphic functions on the unit disk , there are few papers on these and related operators on spaces of functions holomorphic in the upper half-plane (see, e.g., [2, 3, 5, 7β9, 11, 12, 16β18, 31] and the references therein). For related results in the setting of the complex plane see also papers [19β21].

The behaviour of composition operators on spaces of functions holomorphic in the upper half-plane is considerably different from the behaviour of composition operators on spaces of functions holomorphic in the unit disk . For example, there are holomorphic self-maps of which do not induce composition operators on Hardy and Bergman spaces on the upper half-plane, whereas it is a well-known consequence of the Littlewood subordination principle that every holomorphic self-map of induces a bounded composition operator on the Hardy and weighted Bergman spaces on . Also, Hardy and Bergman spaces on the upper half-plane do not support compact composition operators (see [3, 5]).

For and , let denote the collection of all Lebesgue -integrable functions such that where , and .

Let . For is a Banach space with the norm defined by With this norm becomes a Banach space when , while for it is a FrΓ©chet space with the translation invariant metric

Recall that for every the following estimate holds: where is a positive constant independent of .

Let . The weighted-type space (or growth space) on the upper half-plane consists of all such that It is easy to check that is a Banach space with the norm defined above. For weighted-type spaces on the unit disk, polydisk, or the unit ball see, for example, papers [10, 32, 33] and the references therein.

Given two Banach spaces and , we recall that a linear map is bounded if is bounded for every bounded subset of . In addition, we say that is compact if is relatively compact for every bounded set .

In this paper, we consider the boundedness and compactness of weighted composition operators acting from to the weighted-type space . Related results on the unit disk and the unit ball can be found, for example, in [6, 13, 15].

Throughout this paper, constants are denoted by ; they are positive and may differ from one occurrence to the other. The notation means that there is a positive constant such that . Moreover, if both and hold, then one says that .

#### 2. Main Results

The boundedness and compactness of the weighted composition operator are characterized in this section.

Theorem 2.1. *Let , and let be a holomorphic self-map of . Then is bounded if and only if
**
Moreover, if the operator is bounded then the following asymptotic relationship holds:
*

*Proof. *First suppose that (2.1) holds. Then for any and , by (1.6) we have
and so by (2.1), is bounded and moreover
Conversely suppose is bounded. Consider the function
Then and moreover (see, e.g., Lemma 1 in [18]).

Thus the boundedness of implies that
for every . In particular, if is fixed then for , we get
Since is arbitrary, (2.1) follows and moreover
If is bounded then from (2.4) and (2.8) asymptotic relationship (2.2) follows.

Corollary 2.2. *Let , and be such that and . Then is bounded if and only if , where
*

*Example 2.3. *Let and be such that and . Let be a holomorphic map of defined as
For and in , we have
Thus if . Similarly if . By Corollary 2.2, it follows that is bounded.

Corollary 2.4. *Let , and let be a holomorphic self-map of . Then is bounded if and only if
*

Corollary 2.5. *Let be the linear fractional map
**
Then necessary and sufficient condition that is bounded is that and .*

*Proof. *Assume that is bounded. Then
which is finite only if and .

Conversely, if and , then from (2.13) we get , and by some calculation
Hence is bounded.

Corollary 2.6. *Let , and be such that . Let be a holomorphic self-map of and . Then the weighted composition operator acts boundedly from to .*

*Proof. *By Theorem 2.1, is bounded if and only if
By the Schwarz-Pick theorem on the upper half-plane we have that for every holomorphic self-map of and all
where the equality holds when is a MΓΆbius transformation given by (2.13). From (2.17), condition (2.16) follows and consequently the boundedness of the operator .

Corollary 2.6 enables us to show that there exist , and holomorphic maps and of the upper half-plane such that neither nor is bounded, but is bounded.

*Example 2.7. *Let , and be such that . Let , and . Then by Corollary 2.5, is not bounded. On the other hand, if
then and so by Corollary 2.2, is not bounded. However, by Corollary 2.6, we have that is bounded.

The next Schwartz-type lemma characterizes compact weighted composition operators and it follows from standard arguments ([4]).

Lemma 2.8. *Let , and let be a holomorphic self-map ofββ. Then is compact if and only if, for any bounded sequence converging to zero on compacts ofββ, one has
*

Theorem 2.9. *Let and be a holomorphic self-map ofββ . If is compact, then
*

*Proof. *Suppose is compact and (2.20) does not hold. Then there is a and a sequence such that and
for all . Let , , and
Then is a norm bounded sequence and on compacts of as . By Lemma 2.8 it follows that
On the other hand,
which is a contradiction. Hence (2.20) must hold, as claimed.

Before we formulate and prove a converse of Theorem 2.9, we define, for every such that , the following subset of :

Theorem 2.10. *Let , and let be a holomorphic self-map of and be bounded. Suppose that and as within for all and . Then is compact if condition (2.20) holds.*

*Proof. *Assume (2.20) holds. Then for each , there is an such that
Let be a sequence in such that and uniformly on compact subsets of as . Thus for such that and each , we have

From estimate (1.6) we have
Thus there is an such that
whenever . Hence for such that and each we have
If , then by the assumption there is an such that , whenever . Therefore, for each we have
whenever and .

If and , then there exists some such that for all , and so
Combining (2.27)β(2.32), we have that
for and some independent of . Since is an arbitrary positive number, by Lemma 2.8, it follows that is compact.

*Example 2.11. *Let , and be such that . Let and , then and . It is easy to see that . Beside this, for , we have

Also
and the set is empty. Thus and satisfy all the assumptions of Theorem 2.10, and so is compact.

#### Acknowledgments

The work is partially supported by the Serbian Ministry of Science, projects III 41025 and III 44006. The work of the second author is a part of the research project sponsored by National Board of Higher Mathematics (NBHM)/DAE, India (Grant no. 48/4/2009/R&D-II/426).

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Copyright © 2011 Stevo Stević et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.