Research Article | Open Access

Lianzhong Li, Maoan Han, Xin Xue, Yuanyuan Liu, "-Stability of Nonlinear Volterra Integro-Differential Systems with Time Delay", *Abstract and Applied Analysis*, vol. 2013, Article ID 150684, 5 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/150684

# -Stability of Nonlinear Volterra Integro-Differential Systems with Time Delay

**Academic Editor:**Marcia Federson

#### Abstract

We give some sufficient conditions for -uniform stability of the trivial solutions of a nonlinear differential system and of nonlinear Volterra integro-differential systems with time delay.

#### 1. Introduction

Akinyele [1] introduced the notion of -stability of the degree with respect to a function , increasing and differentiable on and such that for and , . Constantin [2] introduced the notions of degree of stability and degree of boundedness of solutions of an ordinary differential equation, with respect to a continuous positive and nondecreasing function ; some criteria for these notions are proved there too.

Morchało [3] introduced the notions of -stability, -uniform stability, and -asymptotic stability of trivial solution of the nonlinear system . Several new and sufficient conditions for the mentioned types of stability are proved for the linear system ; in this paper is a scalar continuous function. In [4, 5], Diamandescu gives some sufficient conditions for asymptotic stability and -(uniform) stability of the nonlinear Volterra integro-differential system ; in these papers is a matrix function. Furthermore, in [6], sufficient conditions are given for the uniform Lipschitz stability of the system .

In paper [7], for the nonlinear system and the nonlinear Volterra integro-differential system by using the knowledge of fundamental matrix and nonlinear variation of constants, we give some sufficient conditions for -(uniform) stability of trivial solution for the system. The purpose of this paper is to provide sufficient conditions for -uniform stability of trivial solutions for the nonlinear delayed system and the nonlinear delayed Volterra integro-differential systems where , for , and with on . The systems studied in [7] do not include time delay, whereas all the systems studied in this paper have time delay.

In this paper, we investigate conditions on the functions under which the trivial solutions of systems (3), (4), and (5) are -stability on ; the main tool used is the integral inequalities and the integral technique. Here is a matrix function whose introduction allows us to obtain a mixed behavior for the components of solutions.

Let denote the Euclidean -space. For , let be the norm of . For an matrix , we define the norm . It is well known that

Let , , be continuous functions and .

Now we give the definitions of -(uniform) stability that we will need in the sequel.

*Definition 1 (see [4, 8]). *The trivial solution of (3) ((4) or (5)) is said to be -stable on if for every and any , there exists such that any solution of (3) ((4) or (5)), which satisfies the inequality , exists and satisfies the inequality for all .

*Definition 2 (see [4, 8]). * The trivial solution of (3) ((4) or (5)) is said to be -uniformly stable on if it is -stable on and the previous is independent of .

#### 2. -Stability of the Systems

To prove our theorems, we need the following lemmas.

Lemma 3. * Let with , , , . Assume, in addition, that and are nondecreasing functions and for . If satisfies
**
for , and , then
**
where , . *

* Proof. * Let be fixed and denote
then , and is nondecreasing on . For , by calculations we get the following:
Suppose that (if , carry out the following arguments with instead of , where is an arbitrary small constant, and subsequently pass to the limit as to complete the proof), then we get
Let
then, we have
Multiplying the above inequality by , we get
Consider now the integral on the interval to obtain
so
for . Let , since , then we have
Since was arbitrarily chosen, considering , we get (8).

Lemma 4. * Let be as in Lemma 3. If satisfies
**
for , and , then
**
where , . *

The proof is similar to the proof of Lemma 3, we omit the details.

Theorem 5. * If there exist functions with , such that
**
for and for all . Moreover,
**
and , where , are nonnegative constants. If is an increasing diffeomorphism of . Then, the trivial solution of system (3) is -uniformly stable on . *

* Proof. *Suppose that is the unique solution of system (3) which satisfies , since
after performing the change of variables in the second integral, and is the inverse of the diffeomorphism then, it follows that
this implies by Lemma 3 that
so for every , choose , then
for and for all . Hence, the conclusion of the theorem follows.

Theorem 6. * Let all the conditions in Theorem 5 hold. Suppose further that there exist functions with , such that
**
for and for all , moreover,
**
where is a nonnegative constant. Then, the trivial solutions of systems (4) and (5) are -uniformly stable on . *

* Proof. * For that system (4), suppose is the unique solution of system (4) which satisfies , since
it follows that
after performing the change of variables (or ) at some intermediate step, and is the inverse of the diffeomorphism . Denote
This implies by Lemma 3 that
for and . So, for every and , let be a constant and choose , then
for and for all . This proves that the trivial solution of system (4) is -uniformly stable on .

Using Lemma 4, the proof of system (5) is similar to that of system (4) and the details are left to the readers.

*Remark 7. * For , , we obtain the theorems of classical stability and uniform stability.

#### 3. Examples

*Example 8. * Consider the nonlinear differential system
In (33), , . Let , then for , it is easy to verify that , , and all the assumptions in Theorem 5 satisfied, so the trivial solution of system (33) is -uniformly stable on .

*Example 9. *Consider the nonlinear Volterra integro-differential system as follows:
In (34), , , , . Choose the same matrix function , then , , for , it is easy to verify that , , and all the assumptions in Theorem 6 are satisfied, so the trivial solution of system (34) is -uniformly stable on .

#### Acknowledgments

The authors are very grateful to the referees for their valuable comments and suggestions, which helped to shape the paper’s original form. This research was supported by the NNSF of China (10971139), NSF of Shandong Province (ZR2012AL03) and the Shandong Education Fund for College Scientific Research (J11LA51).

#### References

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2013 Lianzhong Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.