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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 427521, 12 pages
Research Article

Numerical Solution of Higher Order Boundary Value Problems

1Department of Mathematics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2Department of Mathematics, University of Education, Okara Campus, Okara 56300, Pakistan

Received 27 December 2012; Revised 5 April 2013; Accepted 6 April 2013

Academic Editor: Hossein Jafari

Copyright © 2013 Shahid S. Siddiqi and Muzammal Iftikhar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this paper is to use the homotopy analysis method (HAM), an approximating technique for solving linear and nonlinear higher order boundary value problems. Using HAM, approximate solutions of seventh-, eighth-, and tenth-order boundary value problems are developed. This approach provides the solution in terms of a convergent series. Approximate results are given for several examples to illustrate the implementation and accuracy of the method. The results obtained from this method are compared with the exact solutions and other methods (Akram and Rehman (2013), Farajeyan and Maleki (2012), Geng and Li (2009), Golbabai and Javidi (2007), He (2007), Inc and Evans (2004), Lamnii et al. (2008), Siddiqi and Akram (2007), Siddiqi et al. (2012), Siddiqi et al. (2009), Siddiqi and Iftikhar (2013), Siddiqi and Twizell (1996), Siddiqi and Twizell (1998), Torvattanabun and Koonprasert (2010), and Kasi Viswanadham and Raju (2012)) revealing that the present method is more accurate.