Abstract and Applied Analysis

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 904721, 7 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/904721

## Some Inequalities for Multiple Integrals on the -Dimensional Ellipsoid, Spherical Shell, and Ball

^{1}College of Mathematics, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Tongliao City 028043, China^{2}Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin City 300387, China^{3}School of Mathematics and Informatics, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo City, Henan Province 454010, China

Received 11 January 2013; Accepted 28 February 2013

Academic Editor: Josip E. Pečarić

Copyright © 2013 Yan Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

The authors establish some new inequalities of Pólya type for multiple integrals on the
-dimensional ellipsoid, spherical shell, and ball, in terms of bounds of the
higher order derivatives of the integrands. These results generalize the main result in the paper by Feng Qi, Inequalities for a multiple integral, *Acta Mathematica Hungarica* (1999).

#### 1. Introduction

In [1], it was obtained that if is differentiable and if , then for a certain between and . This inequality can be found in [2–4] and many other textbooks. It can be reformulated as follows. If is differentiable and not identically constant, such that and on , then In the literature, the inequalities (1) or (2) is called the Pólya integral inequality.

In [5], the inequality (1), or say (2), was generalized as where is a differentiable function and .

In [6–9], the above inequalities were refined and generalized as follows.

Theorem 1 (see [9, Proposition 1]). *Let be continuous on and differentiable in . Suppose that , and that in . If is not identically zero, then and
*

Theorem 2 (see [6, 7, 9]). *Let be continuous on and differentiable in . Suppose that is not identically constant, and that in . Then,
**
where
*

Theorem 3 (see [8]). *For and with for , denote the -rectangles by
**
where for and . Let be a multi-index; that is, is a nonnegative integer, with . Let be a function of variables on , and let its partial derivatives of th order remain between and in ; that is,
**
where and
**
Let
**
for . Then, for any , *(1)* when is even, one has
*(2)* When is odd, one has
*

We remark that Theorem 2 has been applied in [10] to give bounds for the complete elliptic integrals of the first and second kinds.

For more information on this topic, please refer to [11–18] and [19, pp. 558–561], especially to the preprint [20].

In what follows, we will continue to use some notations from Theorem 3. Assume that , for and with , and adopt the following notations: Moreover, let be an -times differentiable function, and let

In this paper, we will establish some new inequalities of Pólya type for multiple integrals of the composition function on the -dimensional ellipsoid , of the composition function on the spherical shell , and of the composition function on the -dimensional ball . We also obtain a general inequality for the multiple integral .

#### 2. A Lemma

In order to establish some new inequalities of Pólya type for multiple integrals, we need the following lemma.

Lemma 4. *For , , and , one has
**
where
**
is the classical Euler gamma function.*

*Proof. *Using the spherical coordinates on the region yields
where and , and
We note that when , the empty product in (18) is understood to be . It is clear that the expressions in (17) are solutions of (18), and that

A straightforward computation gives
Since
we obtain
The proof of Lemma 4 is complete.

#### 3. Main Results

Now, we start out to state and prove our main results.

Theorem 5. *Let be an -times differentiable function satisfying
**
Then, one has
*

*Proof. *Using the transformation in (17) on and letting for yield the Jacobian determinant
Because
we have
By integration by parts, one has
Choosing and in the above equality shows that
Further utilizing the condition (23) leads to the inequality (24). The proof of Theorem 5 is completed.

Theorem 6. *Let be an -times differentiable function satisfying the inequality (23). Then, one has
*

*Proof. *Using the transformation in (17) on and choosing , , and for yield
Further letting and in (29) gives
Hence, by virtue of the condition (23), the inequality (31) follows immediately. The proof of Theorem 6 is completed.

Theorem 7. *Let be an -times differentiable function satisfying (23). Then, one has
*

*Proof. *Similar to the proof of Theorem 5, by choosing and , we obtain the inequality (34). The proof is complete.

Corollary 8. *Under the conditions of Theorem 7, if for , then
*

#### 4. A More General Inequality

Let be an -tuple index; that is, the numbers are nonnegative and denote . Let be a function which has an times continuous derivative on , and let and .

Theorem 9. *Let satisfy
**
Then
*

*Proof. *By Taylor’s formula, we obtain
where
Using
we have
Integrating on both sides of the above equality leads to
where
By Lemma 4 and (44), one has
From (37) and
we have
Consequently, the proof of Theorem 9 is complete.

Corollary 10. *Let , and let with (37). Then, for one has
**
where
*

#### 5. An Application

Now, we list some special cases of as follows. (1)If we take , the body becomes a closed region between the -dimensional pyramid and the rectangle for . (2)If we take , the body is a closed region between the -dimensional ellipsoid and the rectangle for . (3)If we take and , the body is a closed region between the -dimensional ball and the rectangle for .

In the calculation of the uniform -dimensional volume, static moment, the moment of inertia, the centrifugal moment, and so on, have important applications. See [21, 22].

To show the applicability of the above main results, we now estimate the value of a triple integral where is the ellipsoid Choosing , , , and in (25), the Jacobian determinant is Using Taylor’s formula, it follows that Specially, we have where and . Therefore, By (54) and the above inequality, we have

#### Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the anonymous referees for their very careful suggestions and their greatly valuable comments on the original version of this paper. This work was partially supported by the Foundation of the Research Program of Science and Technology at Universities of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region under Grant no. NJZY13159, China.

#### References

- G. Pólya, “Ein mittelwertsatz für funktionen mehrerer veränderlichen,”
*Tohoku Mathematical Journal*, vol. 19, pp. 1–3, 1921. View at Google Scholar - G. Pólya and G. Szegö,
*Aufgaben und Lehrsätze aus der Analysis*, vol. 1, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1925, German. - G. Pólya and G. Szegö,
*Problems and Theorems in Analysis*, vol. 1 of*Classics in Mathematics*, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1972. - G. Pólya and G. Szego,
*Problems and Theorems in Analysis*, vol. 1, 1984, Chinese Edition. - K. S. K. Iyengar, “Note on an inequality,”
*Math Students*, vol. 6, pp. 75–76, 1938. View at Google Scholar - R. P. Agarwal and S. S. Dragomir, “An application of Hayashi's inequality for differentiable functions,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 95–99, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir, “Lobatto type quadrature rules for functions with bounded derivative,”
*Mathematical Inequalities & Applications*, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 197–209, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi, “Inequalities for a multiple integral,”
*Acta Mathematica Hungarica*, vol. 84, no. 1-2, pp. 19–26, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi, “Inequalities for an integral,”
*The Mathematical Gazette*, vol. 80, no. 488, pp. 376–377, 1996. View at Google Scholar - B.-N. Guo and F. Qi, “Some bounds for the complete elliptic integrals of the first and second kinds,”
*Mathematical Inequalities & Applications*, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 323–334, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - B.-N. Guo and F. Qi, “Estimates for an integral in ${L}^{p}$
norm of the $(n+1)$-th derivative of its integrand,” in
*Inequality Theory and Applications*, pp. 127–131, Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - B.-N. Guo and F. Qi, “Some estimates of an integral in terms of the ${L}^{p}$-norm of the $(n+1)$st derivative of its integrand,”
*Analysis Mathematica*, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - V. N. Huy and Q. A. Ngô, “On an Iyengar-type inequality involving quadratures in $n$ knots,”
*Applied Mathematics and Computation*, vol. 217, no. 1, pp. 289–294, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi, “Further generalizations of inequalities for an integral,”
*Univerzitet u Beogradu Publikacije Elektrotehničkog Fakulteta, Serija: Matematika*, vol. 8, pp. 79–83, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi, “Inequalities for a weighted multiple integral,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 253, no. 2, pp. 381–388, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi and Y.-J. Zhang, “Inequalities for a weighted integral,”
*Advanced Studies in Contemporary Mathematics*, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 93–101, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - F. Qi, Z. L. Wei, and Q. Yang, “Generalizations and refinements of Hermite-Hadamard's inequality,”
*The Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 235–251, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - Y. X. Shi and Z. Liu, “On Iyengar type integral inequalities,”
*Journal of Anshan University of Science and Technology*, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 57–60, 2003, Chinese. View at Google Scholar - J. C. Kuang,
*Chángyòng Bùdĕng Shì (Applied Inequalities)*, Shandong Science and Technology Press Shandong Province, Jinan, China, 3rd edition, 2004, Chinese. - F. Qi, “Polya type integral inequalities: origin, variants, proofs, refinements, generalizations, equivalences, and applications,”
*RGMIA Research Report Collection*, 32 pages, 2013, http://rgmia.org/papers/v16/v16a20.pdf. View at Google Scholar - A. O. Akdemir, M. E. Özdemir, and S. Varošanec, “On some inequalities for $h$-concave functions,”
*Mathematical and Computer Modelling*, vol. 55, no. 3-4, pp. 746–753, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - C. P. Niculescu and L. E. Persson,
*Convex Functions and Their Applications*, CMS Books in Mathematics, Springer, New York, NU, USA, 2006, A contemporary approach. View at MathSciNet