Research Article

Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensates: Exact Representation and Topological Classification of Coherent Matter Waves

Figure 4

Dynamical evolution of MAWs for an attractive condensate with , , . For each , the curve defined by (8) in the phase space is corresponding to a MAW. The period of amplitude is increasing with .
(a) The portrait of the amplitudes
(b) The portrait of the phases