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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2014, Article ID 267953, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/267953
Research Article

Comprehensive Influence Model of Preschool Children’s Personality Development Based on the Bayesian Network

1School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China

Received 16 March 2014; Accepted 28 April 2014; Published 11 May 2014

Academic Editor: Caihong Li

Copyright © 2014 Yan Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It is crucial to ascertain the comprehensive influence factors on personality for making effective cultivating plan. However, most existing literatures focus on the effect of individual factor on the personality. In order to comprehensively investigate the causal influences of preschool children’s temperament, school factors (teacher expectation and peer acceptance), and family factors (parental coparenting style, parental education value, and parental parenting style) on the personality and the probability of the dependencies among these influence factors, we constructed the influencing factor model of personality development based on the Bayesian network. The models not only reflect the influence on personality development as a whole, but also obtain the probability relationships among the factors. Compared with other influence factors including family and school factors, temperament has more effect on the personality. In addition, teacher expectation also has an important influence on the personality. The experimental results show that it is a valuable exploration to construct the Bayesian network for comprehensively investigating the causal relationships between preschool children’s personality and related influence factors. Further, these results will be helpful to the cultivation of healthy personality.