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Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2014, Article ID 512576, 10 pages
Research Article

Macroscopic Expressions of Molecular Adiabatic Compressibility of Methyl and Ethyl Caprate under High Pressure and High Temperature

1College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, No. 22, Xinong Road, Yangling, Xi’an, Shaanxi 712100, China
2Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, Room 105 24106 N Bunn Road, Prosser, WA, USA
3Department of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Agder, 4898 Grimstad, Norway

Received 18 November 2013; Accepted 18 December 2013; Published 16 January 2014

Academic Editor: Ming Liu

Copyright © 2014 Fuxi Shi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The molecular compressibility, which is a macroscopic quantity to reveal the microcompressibility by additivity of molecular constitutions, is considered as a fixed value for specific organic liquids. In this study, we introduced two calculated expressions of molecular adiabatic compressibility to demonstrate its pressure and temperature dependency. The first one was developed from Wada’s constant expression based on experimental data of density and sound velocity. Secondly, by introducing the 2D fitting expressions and their partial derivative of pressure and temperature, molecular compressibility dependency was analyzed further, and a 3D fitting expression was obtained from the calculated data of the first one. The third was derived with introducing the pressure and temperature correction factors based on analogy to Lennard-Jones potential function and energy equipartition theorem. In wide range of temperatures and pressures , which represent the typical values used in dynamic injection process for diesel engines, the calculated results consistency of three formulas demonstrated their effectiveness with the maximum 0.5384% OARD; meanwhile, the dependency on pressure and temperature of molecular compressibility was certified.