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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2014, Article ID 924948, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/924948
Research Article

MIKE BASIN Based Decision Support Tool for Water Sharing and Irrigation Management in Rangawan Command of India

1National Institute of Hydrology, WALMI Campus, Kolar Road, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462016, India
2National Institute of Hydrology, Jal Vigyan Bhawan, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
3Agriculture Technology Management Agency, Damoh, Madhya Pradesh 470661, India
4Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishva Vidalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482004, India

Received 4 April 2014; Revised 29 May 2014; Accepted 25 June 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: John S. Swanston

Copyright © 2014 R. K. Jaiswal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this study, MIKE BASIN has been used as a decision support tool for irrigation management and water sharing of Rangawan reservoir, an interstate project of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India. The water sharing and optimum irrigation releases have been analyzed by developing two separate models in decision support tool; the first model computes irrigation demand and offers inputs to the second model, which calculates water supplies and deficits as per the water sharing agreements between the two states. The models have been used to generate twelve different scenarios for evaluation of irrigation demands, water supply, and demand deficit/excess for actual cropping pattern in command of Madhya Pradesh part. Simulated results showed, in average/wet rainfall year with conveyance efficiency of 60% and application efficiency of 70%, the irrigation demand of 11.83 Mm3 has been found satisfying without any deficit. By improving efficiencies, conjunctive use, and managing irrigation supplies as recommended from scenarios of DSS application, more areas in the command can be brought under irrigation. The developed models can be used for real time reservoir operation and irrigation planning under variable climatic conditions, conveyance and application efficiencies, consumptive use of surface and groundwater, and probable runoff and cropping pattern.