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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2016, Article ID 4186089, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4186089
Research Article

An Assessment of Factors Influencing Forest Harvesting in Smallholder Tobacco Production in Hurungwe District, Zimbabwe: An Application of Binary Logistic Regression Model

1Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box MP167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
2Department of Applied Mathematics, National University of Science & Technology, P.O. Box AC939, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Received 16 October 2015; Revised 29 December 2015; Accepted 6 January 2016

Academic Editor: Tibor Janda

Copyright © 2016 Chipo Chivuraise et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Deforestation is one of the major effects posed by the smallholder tobacco farming as the farmers heavily depend on firewood sourced from natural forest for curing tobacco. The research aims at assessing the factors that influence the harvesting of natural forest in the production of tobacco. Data is collected through the structured questionnaire from 60 randomly selected farmers. Binary logistic regression model is used to explain the significance of factors influencing natural forest harvesting. Results show that farmer experience, tobacco selling price, and agricultural training level negatively affect the harvesting of natural forests (to obtain firewood) for curing tobacco significantly (). However, gender, size of the household, tobacco yield, and level of education are insignificant () in influencing natural forest harvesting. Though farmers are exploiting the environment and at the same time increasing foreign currency earning through tobacco production, there is therefore a need to put in place policies that encourage sustainable forest product utilization such as gum plantations, subsidizing price of coal, and introducing fees, as well as penalties or taxes to the offenders.