Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8329754, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8329754
Research Article

Effects of Nitrogen Application on Growth and Ethanol Yield of Sweet Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Varieties

1Energy Commission of Nigeria, PMB 358, Garki, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
2Department of Agronomy, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Received 3 June 2016; Accepted 18 August 2016

Academic Editor: Fachuang Lu

Copyright © 2016 Oluwatoyin Olugbemi and Yekeen Abiola Ababyomi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. P. Parthasarathy and M. C. S. Bantilan, Emerging Biofuel Industry: A Case Study for Pro-poor Agenda with Special Reference to India, GT IMPI Policy Brief no. 12, International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India, 2007.
  2. M. Balat and H. Balat, “Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel,” Applied Energy, vol. 86, no. 11, pp. 2273–2282, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Zafar, “Importance of biomass energy,” 2014, http://www.bioenergyconsult.com/tag/importance-of-biomass-energy/.
  4. P. S. Rao, S. S. Rao, N. Seetharama et al., “Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement,” Information Bulletin 77, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  5. R. A. Sami, M. Y. Yeye, I. S. Usman, L. B. Hassan, and M. Usman, “Studies on genetic variability in some sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench.) genotypes,” Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  6. B. Reddy, S. Ramesh, P. S. Reddy et al., Sweet Sorghum: Food, Feed, Fodder and Fuel Crop, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India, 2007.
  7. P. S. Rao, C. G. Kumar, and B. V. Reddy, “Sweet sorghum: from theory to practice,” in Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, P. S. Rao and C. G. Kumar, Eds., SpringerBriefs in Agriculture, pp. 1–15, Springer, New Delhi, India, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. M. A. Sanderson, R. M. Jones, J. Ward, and R. Wolfe, “Silage sorghum performance trial at Stephenville,” Forage Research in Texas. Report PR-5018, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Stephenville, Tex, USA, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  9. C. S. Wortmann, A. J. Liska, R. B. Ferguson, D. J. Lyon, R. N. Klein, and I. Dweikat, “Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel in Nebraska,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 319–326, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. M. Soileau and B. N. Bradford, “Biomass and sugar yield response of sweet sorghum to lime and fertilizer,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 77, pp. 471–475, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. B. V. S. Reddy, S. Ramesh, S. P. Reddy, B. Ramaiah, P. M. Salimath, and K. Rajashekar, “Sweet sorghum—a potential alternative raw material for bio-ethanol and bio-energy,” International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter, vol. 46, pp. 79–86, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  12. I. Turgut, U. Bilgili, A. Duman, and E. Acikgoz, “Production of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) increases with increased plant densities and nitrogen fertilizer levels,” Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil & Plant Science, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 236–240, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Uchino, T. Watanabe, K. Ramu et al., “Effects of nitrogen application on sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) in the semi-arid tropical zone of India,” Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 65–73, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. C. Stickler, S. Wearden, and A. W. Pauli, “Leaf area determination in grain sorghum,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 187–188, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. H. Moll and E. J. Kamprath, “Effect of population density upon agronomic traits associated with generic increases in yield of Zea mays L.,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 96, pp. 81–84, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  16. R. Hunt, “Plant growth analysis studies: the rationale behind the use of the fitted function,” Annals of Botany, vol. 43, pp. 245–249, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. L. Tew, R. M. Cobill, and E. P. Richard Jr., “Evaluation of sweet sorghum and sorghum × sudangrass hybrids as feedstocks for ethanol production,” BioEnergy Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 147–152, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. J. Liska, H. S. Yang, V. R. Bremer et al., “Improvements in life cycle energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of corn-ethanol,” Journal of Industrial Ecology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 58–74, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. L. Tamang, K. F. Bronson, A. Malapati, R. Schwartz, J. Johnson, and J. Moore-Kucera, “Nitrogen requirements for ethanol production from sweet and photoperiod sensitive sorghums in the southern high plains,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 431–440, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. V. H. Teetor, D. V. Duclos, E. T. Wittenberg et al., “Effects of planting date on sugar and ethanol yield of sweet sorghum grown in Arizona,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 1293–1300, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. W. Smith and R. A. Frederiksen, Sorghum: Origin, History, Technology, and Production, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2000.
  22. A. Almodares, M. R. Hadi, and H. Ahmadpour, “Sorghum stem yield and soluble carbohydrates under different salinity levels,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 22, pp. 4051–4055, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  23. G. A. M. S. Agung, K. Sardiana, W. Diara, and G. M. O. Nurjaya, “Adaptations, biomass and ethanol yields of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties at dryland farming areas of Jimbaran Bali, Indonesia,” Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, vol. 3, no. 17, pp. 111–115, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  24. C. G. Kumar and P. S. Rao, “Methodology, results and discussion,” in Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, P. S. Rao and C. G. Kumar, Eds., SpringerBriefs in Agriculture, pp. 17–30, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. G. L. Sawargaonkar, M. D. Patil, S. P. Wani, E. Pavani, B. V. S. R. Reddy, and S. Marimuthu, “Nitrogen response and water use efficiency of sweet sorghum cultivars,” Field Crops Research, vol. 149, pp. 245–251, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. P. Singh, Y. P. Joshi, R. K. Singh, and V. S. Meena, “Influence of nitrogen levels and seed rate on growth, yield and quality of sweet sorghum,” Annals of Biology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 89–93, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. A. Abayomi and O. Fagbenja, “Morpho-physiological basis for yield variation in varieties of maize at different levels of fertilizer applications,” Journal of Agricultural Research and Development, vol. 4, pp. 32–57, 2005. View at Google Scholar