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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2149452, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2149452
Research Article

Conservation and Improvement Strategy for Fogera Cattle: A Lesson for Ethiopia Ingenious Cattle Breed Resource

1Andassa Livestock Research Center, P.O. Box 27, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
2Bahir Dar University Colleges of Agriculture and Environmental Science, P.O. Box 5501, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
3Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), P.O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
4International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Assemu Tesfa; moc.liamg@645umessa

Received 20 August 2016; Accepted 12 January 2017; Published 6 February 2017

Academic Editor: Innocenzo Muzzalupo

Copyright © 2017 Assemu Tesfa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The paper is initiated to design appropriate conservation strategies and breeding scheme for Fogera cattle breed that will be used as a guide for other Ethiopian indigenous cattle breed. Two types of data, on-farm and on-station, were used; the on-farm data was collected from three districts, namely, Fogera, Dera, and Bahir Dar Zuria; those are expected as the home of the breed. A total of 150 farmers, which are knowledgeable and having at least one cattle of Fogera phenotype in their herd, were purposively selected and interviewed. Additionally, farmer’s focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted to capture the historical background, population, and distribution of the breed. SPSS (version 16) and index method was used to analyze the quantitative and scoring data’s, respectively. A meeting at national and regional level was also conducted to evaluate the existing conservation strategy and to identify the major stakeholders for the strategy. The main reasons to conserve Fogera breed are due to presence of interrelated constraints, presence of unique traits of the breed, better attitude of farmers, and decreasing population trend of the breed. Community-based in situ conservation strategy, to ensure the participation of the community, was designed for the breed. With the conservation strategy, related activities like feed development, animal health interventions, market linkage, and development of cooperatives will be implemented to improve the working environment. The stakeholders that are identified as an actor in the strategy should realize their honest participation for the sustainability of conservation and improvement of the breed.