Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2017, Article ID 2385106, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2385106
Research Article

Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Agromorphological Characteristics of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench.)

1Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
2Department of Crop Sciences, School of Agriculture, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
3Biotechnology and Nuclear Agricultural Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC), P.O. Box LG80, Legon, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Aaron Tettey Asare; hg.ude.ccu@erasaa

Received 25 April 2017; Accepted 5 July 2017; Published 3 August 2017

Academic Editor: Othmane Merah

Copyright © 2017 Aaron Tettey Asare et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. F. Gemede, N. Ratta, G. D. Haki, A. Z. Woldegiorgis, and F. Beyene, “Nutritional Quality and Health Benefits of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus),” Food Science and Quality Management, vol. 33, pp. 87–96, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. A. Holser and G. Bost, “Hybrid Hibiscus seed oil compositions,” JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 795–797, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. L. Kochhar, “Tropical Crops,” A text Book of Economy Botany, pp. 263-264, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. A. Cook, D. J. Vanderjagt, A. Pastuszyn et al., “Nutrient and Chemical Composition of 13 Wild Plant Foods of Niger,” Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 83–92, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. I. Ofoefule, A. N. Chukwu, A. Anayakohaand, and I. M. Ebebe, “Application of Abelmoschusesculentus in solid dosage forms 1: use as binder for poorly water soluble drug,” IndianJournalof Pharmacy. Science, vol. 63, pp. 234–238, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  6. C. Lengsfeld, F. Titgemeyer, G. Faller, and A. Hensel, “Glycosylated Compounds from Okra Inhibit Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to Human Gastric Mucosa,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1495–1503, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. S. Siemonsmaand and S. Hamon, “Abelmoschus, Bulletin du muscum National d`,” Histoire. Naturelle. Paris Seices 4, 10 sections B, Adansomiavol, vol. 2, p. 138, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. Alegbejo, “Okra Cultivars with Moderate Resistance to Okra Mosiac virus genus Tymovirus,” Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science, vol. 8, no. 1, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. D. L. Jawardena and R. Peiris, “Food crop breeding in Srilanks achievements and challenges,” Biology, vol. 2, pp. 22–34, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Donini and A. Sonnino, “Induced Mutation in Plant Breeding: Current Status and Future Outlook,” in Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement, vol. 32 of Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture, pp. 255–291, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Schum, “Mutation breeding in ornamentals: An efficient breeding method?” Acta Horticulturae, vol. 612, pp. 47–60, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. E. Yoon, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Im, “Effect of gamma radiation on seed germination and androgenesis in Nicotianatabacum L,” Korean Journal BreedingScience, vol. 2, pp. 256–262, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Z. Hegazi and N. Hamideldin, “The effect of gamma irradiation on enhancement of growth and seed yield of okra [Abelmoschusesculentus (L.) Monech] and associated molecular changes,” Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 038–051, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  14. A. K. Dubey, J. R. Yadav, and B. Singh, “Studies on induced mutations by gamma irradiation in okra (Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Monch,” 1/2, vol. 7, no. no, pp. 46–48, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. H. Ullah, “Estimation of Induced Variability of Yield Contributing Traits in M1gamma Irradiated Germplasm of Okra (Abulmoschus Esculentus L.),” South Asian Journal of Life Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 4–7, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. Kumar and M. N. Mishra, “Effect of gamma-rays, EMS and NMU on germination, seedling vigour, pollen viability and plant survival,” in in M1 and M2 generation of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench), vol. 17, pp. 295–297, Advances in Plant Science, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. A. Haq, K. B. Singh, Z. Abidin, and M. S. Ahmad, “Mutation studies in chickpea (CicerarietinumL.). I. Mutagen sensitivity,” PakistanJournal of Agricultural Science, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 429–438, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Umavathi and L. Mullainathan, “Induced mutagenesis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum (L.) with special reference to the frequency and spectrum of chlorophyll mutations,” Journal of Applied and Advanced Research, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 49, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Toker, B. Uzun, H. Canci, and F. Oncu Ceylan, “Effects of gamma irradiation on the shoot length of Cicer seeds,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. S. Dhankhar and S. K Dhankhar, “Induction of genetic male sterility in okra [Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Moench],” Crop Research, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 111-112, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. Kumar and R. P. Sinha, “Mutagenic sensitivity of lentil genotypes,” Journal of Applied Biology, vol. 13, pp. 1–5, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  22. D. S. Kumar, T. Nepolean, and A. Gopalan, “Effectiveness and efficiency of the mutagens gamma rays and ethyl methane sulfonate on limabean (Phaseoluslunatus L,” Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 115–119, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. F. M. Tabaresand and T. S. Talavera, “influence of different morphological charcaters on the gamma radio sensitivity of sweet potato (Ipomeabatatas L,” Alinentria, vol. 40, pp. 101–104, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Gaur, M. Singh, N. Rathore, P. S. Bhati, and D. Kumar, “Radiobiological responses of cowpea , Advances in arid-legume Research,” Radiobiological responses of cowpea , Advances in arid-legume Research, pp. 75–78, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  25. P. Manju and R. Gopimony, Anjitha- A new okra variety through induced mutation in interspecific hybrids of Abelmoshus Spp. Induced plant mutations in the genomics era , Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations, 87-90, Rome, 2009.
  26. F. Norfadzrin, O. H. Ahmed, S. Shaharudin, and D. Abdul Rahman, “A preliminary study on gamma radiosensitivity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus),” International Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 620–625, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Muralidharan and R. Rajendran, “Effect of Gamma rays on germination, seedling vigour, survival and pollen viability,” Journal of environment Curriculum and Life Science, pp. 41–45, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  28. P. A. Kiong, L. S. H. Ling, and A. R. Grace, “Harun, Physiological responses of Orthosiphonstamineusplantlets to gamma irradiation,” American Eurasian Journal Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 135–149, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  29. J. Iqbal, “Radiation induced growth abnormalities in vegetative shoot apices of Capsicum annuum L. in relation to cellular damage,” Radiation Botany, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 491–499, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. Walther, “Effectiveness of mutagenic treatment with ionizing radiation in barley, induced mutation in Plants,” pp. 261–270, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  31. A. K. Singh, K. P. Singh, and R. B. Singh, “Seedling injury, reduced pollen and ovule fertility and chlorophyll mutations induced by GAMMA RAYS and EMS in Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench,” Vegetable Science, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 42–44, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  32. IBPGR, “Report of an International Workshop on Okra Genetic Resources , International Crop network, series 5, IBPGR,” in Proceedings of the Report of an International Workshop on Okra Genetic Resources , International Crop network, series 5, IBPGR, 1991.
  33. S. J. Ochatt, P. Durieu, L. Jacas, and C. Pontecaille, “Protoplast, cell and tissue cultures forthebiotechnologicalbreeding of grass peas (Lathyrussativus L,” Lathyrus and NeurolathyrismNewsletter, vol. 2, pp. 35–38, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  34. D. S. Loch, “Brachiariadecumbens (Signalgrass) A reviewwith particular referencesto Australia,” Tropical grassland, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 141–151, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  35. Anonymous, “Underexploited tropical plantswithpromisingeconomicvalue , NationalAcademy of Sciences,” Washington D.C, p. 189, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. J. Khalil, S. Rehman, K. Afridiand, and M. T Jan, “Damage induced by gamma irradiation in morphological and chemical characteristics of barley,” Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, vol. 2, pp. 45–54, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  37. J. E. Gunckel and A. H. Sparrow, “Aberrantgrowth in plants induced by ionizing radiations,” BrookhavenSymp Biology, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 252–277, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. A. Pitirmovae, “Effect of gamma rays and mutagens on barley seeds,” Fiziol. Res.6, vol. 12731, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  39. N. Jagajanantham, D. Dhanavel, and P. PavadaiandAl, “Growth and yield parameters using gamma rays in bhendi (Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Moench) var. arkaanamika,” 2012.
  40. NARP, “Commodity report, root and tuber crops,” National Agricultural Research Project, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  41. J. P. Mishra, “Response of okra to gamma-rays,” National Academy Science, vol. 22, pp. 84-85, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  42. S. Kushan and H. Mandal, “The Effect of Different Nucleation Temperatures on the Grain Morphology of α-SiAlON Ceramics,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 237, pp. 169–174, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. M. N. Mishra, H. Qadri, and S. Mishra, “Macro and micro mutations,” vol. 2, pp. 44–47, 2007.
  44. B. Sharma and K. Mishra, “Micro-mutations for fruit number, fruit length and fruit yield characters in gamma-irradiated generation of ANKUR-40 variety of okra. Abelmoschusesculentus L.) Monech,” vol. 2, pp. 208–211, 2007.
  45. “Effect of Plant Density and Sowing Time on Growth and Yield of Mung Bean (VignaRadiata (L.) Wilczek) in Upland Rice-Mung Bean Intercropping on Land Sand Beach Samas Indonesia,” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 914–917, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. Woodwell, “Induced mutations-A tool in plant research,” in Proceedings of the proceeding series STI/PUB/22, p. 17, 1982.
  47. G. Pushparajan, S. Sanoopand, and M. K. Harinarayanan, “Effect of gamma rays on yield attributing characters of Okra [Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Moench],” vol. 2, pp. 535–540, 2014.
  48. S. R. A. Shamsi and S. A. Sofajy, “Effects of low doses of gamma radiation on the growth and yield of two cultivars of broad bean,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 87–94, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. K. M. Shamusuzzaman, M. M. Islamand, and B. Muwara, “Development of an early maturing chickpea variety,” Breeding Newsletter and Reviews, vol. 1, p. 23, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  50. K. Sundaravadiveiu and V. R. K. Ranjithselvipand, “Induced genetic vaiabilty in cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum L) for yield and its components,” Crop Research-Hisar, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 442–446, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  51. M. Zameer Khan, M. Ehsan Akhtar, M. Naeem Safdar, M. Masud Mahmood, S. Ahmad, and N. Ahmed, “Effect of source and level of potash on yield and quality of potato tubers,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 3137–3145, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. B. Singh and P. S. Datta, “Effect of low dose gamma irradiation on plant and grain nutrition of wheat,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 819–825, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus